Cancer Critical Head Neck Patients

Cancer Critical Head Neck Patients

Cancer Critical Head (i.e., caput) Neck (i.e., cervix, or collum) Patients

The significance of neck for cancers, and cancer patients can not be more than stated. Cancer is a term for diseases in which abnormal (i.e., deviant) cells divide without control and can invade nearby tissues. Cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body (i.e., corpus) through the blood (i.e., haema) and lymph (i.e., lympha) systems. There are several main (i.e., hand) types of cancer. Carcinoma is a cancer that begins in the skin (i.e., cutis) or in tissues that line (i.e., linea) or cover internal (i.e., internus) organs. Sarcoma is a cancer that begins in bone (i.e., os), cartilage (i.e., cartilago, or chondrus), fat (i.e., adipose tissue), muscle (i.e., musculus, or see musculus), blood vessels, or other connective or supportive tissue. Leukemia (i.e., leukocytic sarcoma) is a cancer that starts in blood-forming tissue such as the bone marrow (i.e., medulla ossium), and causes large numbers of abnormal blood cells to be produced and enter the blood. Lymphoma and multiple myeloma (i.e., multiple myelomatosis, or myelomatosis multiplex) are cancers that begin in the cells of the immune system. Central nervous system (i.e., systema nervosum) cancers are cancers that begin in the tissues of the brain and spinal (i.e., rachial, or rachidial) cord (i.e., fasciculus, or funiculus). Also called malignancy. The impact associated with cancer in neck, and neck patients is definitely substantial.

These three items, are neck cancers relevant:

  1. One can believe that, Avraham Eisbruch, MD (Medical (i.e., medicinal, or medicinal) doctor (MD)) (Doctor of Medicine (MD)), professor of radiation (i.e., radiatio) oncology at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center in Ann Arbor, and colleagues conducted their study to assess clinical and functional results of chemoradiotherapy with IMRT for head and neck cancers, while avoiding treating critical structures that affect swallowing and eating. Clinical, having to do with the examination and treatment of patients. Oncology is the work of cancer. IMRT is a type of 3-dimensional radiation therapy that uses computer-generated images to show the sizing and shape of the tumor (i.e., neoplasm). Thin beams of radioactivity of different intensities are aimed at the tumor from many angles. This type of irradiation therapy reduces the damage to healthy tissue near the tumor. Likewise called intensiveness-modulated radiation therapy. Radiation, energy released in the form of particle or electromagnetic waves. Common sources of radiation include radon gas, cosmic rays from outer space (i.e., spatium), medical x-rays, and energy given off by a radioisotope (unstable form of a chemical element that releases radiation as it breaks down and becomes more stable). Chemoradiotherapy, treatment that combines chemotherapy with irradiation therapy. Likewise called chemoradiation.
  2. One can presume that, Florida Cancer Data System and the Florida Agency for Health care Administration dataset, they were able to accumulate data on diagnoses, comorbid conditions, and procedures performed during every hospitalisation or outpatient visit among 20,915 head and neck cancer patients during that time.[1] Outpatient is a patient who visits a health care facility for diagnosis or treatment without spending the night. Sometimes called a day patient.
  3. Here you can locate findings from this study that furnish important preliminary data to guide future large scale (i.e., squama) research on the critical, yet understudied, psychosocial issue of organic structure image functioning for head and neck cancer patients.[2] Psychosocial is in medicine, describes the psychological (emotional) and societal parts of a disease and its handling. Some of the psychosocial parts of malignant neoplastic disease are its effects on patients’ feelings, moods, beliefs, the way they coping, and relationships with family, friends, and co-workers.

Terminology


Neoplasm

An abnormal tissue that grows by cellular proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease. Neoplasms show partial or complete lack of structural organization and functional coordination with the normal tissue, and usually form a distinct mass of tissue that may be either benign (benign tumor) or malignant (cancer)


Lymph

A clear, transparent, sometimes faintly yellow and slightly opalescent fluid that is collected from the tissues throughout the body, flows in the lymphatic vessels (through the lymph nodes), and is eventually added to the venous blood circulation. Lymph consists of a clear liquid portion, varying numbers of white blood cells (chiefly lymphocytes), and a few red blood cells


Health care

services provided to people or communities by agents of the health services or professions for the purpose of promoting, maintaining, monitoring, or restoring health.


Cord

  1. In anatomy, any long ropelike structure, composed of several to many longitudinally oriented fibers, vessels, ducts, or combinations thereof.
  2. In histopathology, a line of tumor cells only one cell in width


Psychosocial

Involving both psychological and social aspects; age, education, marital and related aspects of a person’s history.


Marrow

  1. A highly cellular hemopoietic connective tissue filling the medullary cavities and spongy epiphyses of bones; it becomes predominantly fatty with age, particularly in the long bones of the limbs.
  2. Any soft gelatinous or fatty material resembling the marrow of bone.


Myelomatosis

A disease characterized by the occurrence of myeloma in various sites.


Spinal

  1. Relating to any spine or spinous process.
  2. Relating to the vertebral column


Nervous system

the entire nerve apparatus, composed of a central part (the brain and spinal cord) and a peripheral part (the cranial and spinal nerves, autonomic ganglia, plexuses and peripheral nerves)


Adipose

Denoting fat.


Leukocytic

Pertaining to or characterized by leukocytes


Immune system

an intricate complex of interrelated cellular, molecular, and genetic components that provides a defense, the immune response, against foreign organisms or substances and aberrant native cells.


Computer

A programmable electronic device that can be used to store and manipulate data to carry out designated functions; the two fundamental components are hardware, the actual electronic device, and software, the instructions or program used to carry out the function.


Brain

That part of the central nervous system contained within the cranium.


Radioisotope

An isotope that changes to a more stable state by emitting radiation.


Chemotherapy

Treatment of disease by means of chemical substances or drugs; usually used in reference to neoplastic disease.


Coping

  1. A thin metal covering or cap.
  2. An adaptive or otherwise successful method of dealing with individual or environmental situations that involve psychological or physiological stress or threat.


Medulla

Any soft marrowlike structure, especially in the center of a part


Cartilage

A connective tissue characterized by its nonvascularity and firm consistency; consists of cells (chondrocytes), an interstitial matrix of fibers (collagen), and ground substance (proteoglycans). There are three kinds of cartilage hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage, and fibrocartilage. Nonvascular, resilient, flexible connective tissue found primarily in joints, the walls of the thorax, and tubular structures (larynx, air passages, and ears); makes up most of the skeleton in early fetal life, but is slowly replaced by bone. For a gross anatomic description, see cartilago and its subentries


Muscular dystrophy

a general term for a number of hereditary, progressive degenerative disorders affecting skeletal muscles, and often other organ systems


Leukemia

Progressive proliferation of abnormal leukocytes found in hemopoietic tissues, other organs, and usually in the blood in increased numbers. Leukemia is classified by the dominant cell type, and by duration from onset to death. This occurs in acute leukemia within a few months in most cases, and is associated with acute symptoms including severe anemia, hemorrhages, and slight enlargement of lymph nodes or the spleen. The duration of chronic leukemia exceeds one year, with a gradual onset of symptoms of anemia or marked enlargement of spleen, liver, or lymph nodes


Neck

  1. Part of body by which the head is connected to the trunk, it extends from the base of the cranium to the top of the shoulders.
  2. In anatomy, any constricted portion having a fancied resemblance to the neck of an animal.
  3. The germinative portion of an adult tapeworm, that develops the segments or proglottids; the region of cestode segmentation behind the scolex


Cervix

Any necklike structure


Oncology

The study or science dealing with the physical, chemical, and biologic properties and features of neoplasms, including causation, pathogenesis, and treatment.


Myeloma

  1. A tumor composed of cells derived from hemopoietic tissues of the bone marrow.
  2. A plasma cell tumor.


Radioactivity

The property of some atomic nuclei of spontaneously emitting gamma rays or subatomic particles (???? and ???? rays) by the process of nuclear disintegration and measured in disintegrations per second (dps). One dps is equal to 1 becquerel, and 3.7 ???? 1010 dps equals 1 curie.


Neoplastic

Pertaining to or characterized by neoplasia, or containing a neoplasm.


Dystrophy

Progressive changes that may result from defective nutrition of a tissue or organ


Psychological

  1. Relating to psychology.
  2. Relating to the mind and its processes.
  3. See psychology


Malignancy

The property or condition of being malignant.


Radiation therapy

  1. treatment with x-rays or radionuclides.
  2. See radiation oncology


Medicinal

Relating to medicine having curative properties


Lymphoma

Any neoplasm of lymphoid or reticuloendothelial tissues; in general use, synonymous with malignant lymphoma; present as apparently solid tumors composed of cells that appear primitive or resemble lymphocytes, plasma cells, or histiocytes. Lymphomas appear most frequently in the lymph nodes, spleen, or other normal sites of lymphoreticular cells; may invade other organs or manifest as leukemia. Lymphomas are now classified by histology, immunophenotype, and cytogenetic analysis, according to cell of orgin (B or T cells) and degree of maturation. The current World Health Organization (WHO) classification of lymphoid neoplasms is based on the Revised European-American Lymphoma (REAL) classification and effectively replaces older schemes such as the Working Formulation and Rappaport classification, which were based solely on morphology.


Deviant

  1. Denoting or indicative of deviation.
  2. A person exhibiting deviation, especially sexual


Cosmic rays

high-velocity particles of enormous energies, bombarding earth from outer space; the ??????primary radiation?????? consists of protons and more complex atomic nuclei that, on striking the atmosphere, give rise to neutrons, mesons, and other less energetic ??????secondary radiation.??????


Critical

  1. Denoting or of the nature of a crisis.
  2. Denoting a morbid condition in which death is possible.
  3. In sufficient quantity as to constitute a turning point.


Muscular

  1. Relating to a muscle or the muscles, in general.
  2. Having well developed musculature.


Medicine

  1. A drug.
  2. The art of preventing or curing disease; the science concerned with disease in all its relations.
  3. The study and treatment of general diseases or those affecting the internal parts of the body, especially those not usually requiring surgical intervention.


Radiation

radiophobia.


Malignant

  1. occurring in severe form, and frequently fatal; tending to become worse and leading to an ingravescent course.
  2. In reference to a neoplasm, having the property of locally invasive and destructive growth and metastasis.


Head

  1. The upper or anterior extremity of the animal body, containing the brain and the organs of sight, hearing, taste, and smell.
  2. The upper, anterior, or larger extremity, expanded or rounded, of any body, organ, or other anatomic structure.
  3. The rounded extremity of a bone.
  4. That end of a muscle that is attached to the less movable part of the skeleton


Irradiation

  1. The subjective enlargement of a bright object seen against a dark background.
  2. Exposure to the action of electromagnetic radiation (heat, light, x-rays).
  3. The spreading of nervous impulses from one area in the brain or cord, or from a tract, to another tract.


Corpus

  1. Any body or mass.
  2. The main part of an organ or other anatomic structure, as distinguished from the head or tail


Chondrus

The plant Chondrus crispus, Fucus crispus, or Gigartina mamillosa (family Gigartinaceae); a demulcent in chronic and intestinal disorders


Squama

  1. A thin plate of bone.
  2. An epidermal scale


Medical

Relating to medicine or the practice of medicine


Tumor

  1. Any swelling or tumefaction.
  2. One of the four signs of inflammation (t., calor, dolor, rubor) enunciated by Celsus


Nervous

  1. Relating to a nerve or the nerves.
  2. Easily excited or agitated; suffering from mental or emotional instability; tense or anxious.
  3. Formerly, denoting a temperament characterized by excessive mental and physical alertness, rapid pulse, excitability, often volubility, but not always fixity of purpose.


Sarcoma

A connective tissue neoplasm, usually highly malignant, formed by proliferation of mesodermal cells.

Related Material

  1. News from Cancer: Disparities in head and neck cancer patients -Head and Neck Cancer News-
  2. Body Image Functioning Among Surgically Treated Patients With Head and Neck Cancer – Full Text View – ClinicalTrials.gov

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