Cancer Therapeutic Electrical Stimulatio

Cancer Therapeutic Electrical Stimulation

Cancer Therapeutic Electrical Stimulation


In the event that all of us further check out stage ii we can observe:

  1. One can view (i.e., projection), Resolve This randomized phase III trial is studying mild electrical stimulation to see how well it works compared with sham therapy (i.e., therapeusis, or therapia) in reducing symptoms caused by chemotherapy in women with stage I, stage II, or stage IIIA breast (i.e., mamma, or teat) cancer receiving chemotherapy.[1] Cancer is a term for diseases in which abnormal (i.e., deviant) cells divide without control and can invade nearby tissues. Cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body (i.e., corpus) through the blood (i.e., haema) and lymph (i.e., lympha) systems. There are several main (i.e., hand) types of cancer. Carcinoma is a cancer that begins in the skin (i.e., cutis) or in tissues that line (i.e., linea) or cover internal (i.e., internus) organs. Sarcoma is a cancer that begins in bone (i.e., os), cartilage (i.e., cartilago, or chondrus), fat (i.e., adipose tissue), muscle (i.e., musculus, or see musculus), blood vessels, or other connective or supportive tissue. Leukemia (i.e., leukocytic sarcoma) is a cancer that starts in blood-forming tissue such as the bone marrow (i.e., medulla ossium), and causes large numbers of abnormal blood cells to be produced and enter the blood. Lymphoma and multiple myeloma (i.e., multiple myelomatosis, or myelomatosis multiplex) are cancers that begin in the cells of the immune system. Central nervous system (i.e., systema nervosum) cancers are cancers that begin in the tissues of the brain and spinal (i.e., rachial, or rachidial) cord (i.e., fasciculus, or funiculus). Also called malignancy. Chemotherapy, treatment with drugs that kill cancer cells. Stage is the extent of a cancer in the body. Staging is usually based on the size of the tumor (i.e., neoplasm), whether lymph nodes contain cancer, and whether the cancer has spread from the original site (i.e., situs) to other parts of the body. Sham therapy is an inactive handling or procedure that is intended to mimic as closely as possible a therapy in a clinical trial. Likewise called placebo (i.e., active placebo) therapy. Therapy, treatment. Stage IIIA breast cancer, stage III is divided into stages IIIA, IIIB, and IIIC. In level IIIA, (1) no tumor is found in the breast or the tumor may be any size. Cancer is found in 4 to 9 axillary (i.e., alar (i.e., axillary)) lymph nodes or in the lymph nodes near the sternum (i.e., breast bone) (found during imaging tests or a physical exam); or (2) the tumor is larger than 5 centimeters. Small clusters of breast malignant neoplastic disease cells (larger than 0. 2 millimetre but not larger than 2 millimeters) are found in the lymph nodes; or (3) the tumor is larger than 5 centimeters. Cancer has spread to 1 to 3 alar lymph nodes or to the lymph nodes near the sternum (found during a sentinel lymph node (i.e., sentinel gland, or sentinel node) biopsy). Breast cancer, cancer that forms in tissues of the breast, usually the ducts (tubes that carry milk (i.e., strip, or lac) to the nipple (i.e., papilla mammae, or mammilla)) and lobules (glands that make milk). It occurs in both men and women, although male (i.e., masculine) breast (i.e., mamma masculina, or mamma virilis) cancer is rare. Phase III trial is a study to liken the results of people taking a new handling with the results of people taking the standard treatment (for example, which group has better survival rates or fewer side effects). In most cases, studies displace into phase III only after a treatment seems to work in phases I and II. Stage III trials may include hundreds of people. Breast, glandular (i.e., glandulous) organ located on the chest (i.e., pectus). The breast is made up of connective tissue (i.e., interstitial tissue, or supporting tissue), fat, and breast tissue that contains the glands that can make milk. Also called mammary gland (i.e., glandula mammaria, or lactiferous gland).

  2. It would appear that, Mild Electrical Stimulation in Reducing Symptoms Caused By Chemotherapy in Women With Phase I, Stage II, or Stage IIIA Breast Cancer Receiving Chemotherapy – Full Text View – Clinical.[1]

Regarding the concept (i.e., conception) Cancer Therapeutic Electrical Stimulation , these things were identified:

  • You can notice, therapeutic Electrical Stimulation (TES) is a technique (i.e., technic) that is used by some clinicians to improve muscle strength and muscle coordination in persons with muscle spasticity.[2] Therapeutic, having to do with treating disease and helping healing take place.

Terminology

Neoplasm

An abnormal tissue that grows by cellular proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease. Neoplasms show partial or complete lack of structural organization and functional coordination with the normal tissue, and usually form a distinct mass of tissue that may be either benign (benign tumor) or malignant (cancer)

Gland

An organized aggregation of cells functioning as a secretory or excretory organ

Mammary gland

the potential and active compound, alveolar, mostly merocrine (with possible apocrine components) milk-secreting gland lying within the breast; it comprises 15??????24 lobes, each consisting of many lobules, separated by adipose tissue and fibrous septa; the parenchyma of the resting postpubertal female gland consists of ducts; the alveoli develop only during pregnancy and remain active until weaning; normally, the gland remains rudimentary (undistinguishable from its childhood state) in men

Lymph

A clear, transparent, sometimes faintly yellow and slightly opalescent fluid that is collected from the tissues throughout the body, flows in the lymphatic vessels (through the lymph nodes), and is eventually added to the venous blood circulation. Lymph consists of a clear liquid portion, varying numbers of white blood cells (chiefly lymphocytes), and a few red blood cells

Axillary

Relating to the axilla

Myelomatosis

A disease characterized by the occurrence of myeloma in various sites.

Spinal

  1. Relating to any spine or spinous process.

  2. Relating to the vertebral column

Mammilla

A small rounded elevation resembling the female breast

Nervous system

the entire nerve apparatus, composed of a central part (the brain and spinal cord) and a peripheral part (the cranial and spinal nerves, autonomic ganglia, plexuses and peripheral nerves)

Adipose

Denoting fat.

Leukocytic

Pertaining to or characterized by leukocytes

Strength

  1. The quality of being strong or powerful.

  2. The degree of intensity.

  3. The property of materials by which they endure the application of force without yielding or breaking.

Coordination

The harmonious working together, especially of several muscles or muscle groups in the execution of complicated movements.

Therapeutic

Relating to therapeutics or to treating, remediating, or curing a disorder or disease.

Immune system

an intricate complex of interrelated cellular, molecular, and genetic components that provides a defense, the immune response, against foreign organisms or substances and aberrant native cells.

Glandular

Relating to a gland

Mimic

To imitate or simulate.

Resolve

To return or cause to return to the normal, particularly without suppuration, said of a phlegmon or other form of inflammation.

Brain

That part of the central nervous system contained within the cranium.

Chemotherapy

Treatment of disease by means of chemical substances or drugs; usually used in reference to neoplastic disease.

Medulla

Any soft marrowlike structure, especially in the center of a part

Cartilage

A connective tissue characterized by its nonvascularity and firm consistency; consists of cells (chondrocytes), an interstitial matrix of fibers (collagen), and ground substance (proteoglycans). There are three kinds of cartilage hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage, and fibrocartilage. Nonvascular, resilient, flexible connective tissue found primarily in joints, the walls of the thorax, and tubular structures (larynx, air passages, and ears); makes up most of the skeleton in early fetal life, but is slowly replaced by bone. For a gross anatomic description, see cartilago and its subentries

Leukemia

Progressive proliferation of abnormal leukocytes found in hemopoietic tissues, other organs, and usually in the blood in increased numbers. Leukemia is classified by the dominant cell type, and by duration from onset to death. This occurs in acute leukemia within a few months in most cases, and is associated with acute symptoms including severe anemia, hemorrhages, and slight enlargement of lymph nodes or the spleen. The duration of chronic leukemia exceeds one year, with a gradual onset of symptoms of anemia or marked enlargement of spleen, liver, or lymph nodes

Papilla

Any small, nipplelike process

Myeloma

  1. A tumor composed of cells derived from hemopoietic tissues of the bone marrow.

  2. A plasma cell tumor.

Neoplastic

Pertaining to or characterized by neoplasia, or containing a neoplasm.

Mammary

Relating to the breasts.

Bone marrow

the soft, pulpy tissue filling the medullary cavities of bones, having a stroma of reticular fibers and cells; it differs in consistency by age and location

Malignancy

The property or condition of being malignant.

Lymphoma

Any neoplasm of lymphoid or reticuloendothelial tissues; in general use, synonymous with malignant lymphoma; present as apparently solid tumors composed of cells that appear primitive or resemble lymphocytes, plasma cells, or histiocytes. Lymphomas appear most frequently in the lymph nodes, spleen, or other normal sites of lymphoreticular cells; may invade other organs or manifest as leukemia. Lymphomas are now classified by histology, immunophenotype, and cytogenetic analysis, according to cell of orgin (B or T cells) and degree of maturation. The current World Health Organization (WHO) classification of lymphoid neoplasms is based on the Revised European-American Lymphoma (REAL) classification and effectively replaces older schemes such as the Working Formulation and Rappaport classification, which were based solely on morphology.

Alar

  1. Relating to a wing; winged.

  2. Relating to the wings (ala) of such structures as the nose, sphenoid, and sacrum

Masculine

Relating to or marked by the characteristics of the male sex or gender

Malignant

  1. occurring in severe form, and frequently fatal; tending to become worse and leading to an ingravescent course.

  2. In reference to a neoplasm, having the property of locally invasive and destructive growth and metastasis.

Sternum

A long flat bone, articulating with the cartilages of the first seven ribs and with the clavicle, forming the middle part of the anterior wall of the thorax; it consists of three portions the corpus or body, the manubrium, and the xiphoid process

Sentinel lymph node

the first lymph node to receive lymphatic drainage from a malignant tumor; the sentinel nodes are identified as the first to take on a radionuclide or dye injected into the tumor; increasingly used in operations for melanoma and breast cancer; if the sentinel nodes are free of metastasis, more distal nodes are usually also free

Interstitial

  1. Relating to spaces or interstices in any structure.

  2. Relating to spaces within a tissue or organ, but excluding such spaces as body cavities or potential space.

Chondrus

The plant Chondrus crispus, Fucus crispus, or Gigartina mamillosa (family Gigartinaceae); a demulcent in chronic and intestinal disorders

Tumor

  1. Any swelling or tumefaction.

  2. One of the four signs of inflammation (t., calor, dolor, rubor) enunciated by Celsus

Clinical trial

a controlled experiment involving a defined set of human subjects, having a clinical event as an outcome measure, and intended to yield scientifically valid information about the efficacy or safety of a drug, vaccine, diagnostic test, surgical procedure, or other form of medical intervention.

Staging

  1. The determination or classification of distinct phases or periods in the course of a disease or pathologic process.

  2. The determination of the specific extent of a disease process in an individual patient.

Nervous

  1. Relating to a nerve or the nerves.

  2. Easily excited or agitated; suffering from mental or emotional instability; tense or anxious.

  3. Formerly, denoting a temperament characterized by excessive mental and physical alertness, rapid pulse, excitability, often volubility, but not always fixity of purpose.

Lactiferous

Yielding milk.

Placebo

  1. An inert substance given as a medicine for its suggestive effect.

  2. An inert compound identical in appearance to material being tested in experimental research, which may or may not be known to the physician or patient, administered to distinguish between drug action and suggestive effect of the material under study

Spasticity

One type of increase in muscle tone at rest; characterized by increased resistance to passive stretch, velocity dependent and asymmetric about joints (greater in the flexor muscles at the elbow and the extensor muscles at the knee). Exaggerated deep tendon reflexes and clonus are additional manifestations.

Connective tissue

the physical or functional supporting tissue of the animal body, a major constituent of which (in addition to various kinds of cells) is an extracellular matrix of ground substance, protein fibers, and structural glycoproteins; it is derived from the mesenchyme, which in turn is derived mainly from mesoderm; the many kinds of connective tissue may be classified according to cell-matrix proportion (loose vs. dense), arrangement of fibers (regular dense vs. irregular dense), fiber type (collagenous, elastic), embedded cell type (adipose, lymphoid, hemopoietic), degree of differentiation (mesenchymal, mucous), location (subcutaneous, periosteal, perichondrial), appearance (areolar, granulation), or nature of matrix (cartilaginous, osseous, or, in the cases of blood and lymph, liquid)

Sarcoma

A connective tissue neoplasm, usually highly malignant, formed by proliferation of mesodermal cells.

Related Material


  1. Mild Electrical Stimulation in Reducing Symptoms Caused By Chemotherapy in Women With Stage I, Stage II, or Stage IIIA Breast Cancer Receiving Chemotherapy – Full Text View – ClinicalTrials.gov


  2. Preventing Undesired Side-Effects in the Treatment of Cerebral Palsy with Botox ? Principal Investigator Dr. Walter Herzog, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada | CPI Research Foundation


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