Cancer Late Viral Infections

Cancer Late Viral Infections

Cancer Late Viral Infections

For viral infections, we could point (i.e., punctum) out the following relevant items. Viral, having to make out with a virus (i.e., filtrable virus). Infection, invasion and multiplication of germs in the body (i.e., corpus). Infections can occur in any part (i.e., pars) of the body and can spread throughout the body. The germs may be bacteria, viruses, yeast, or fungi. They can cause a fever (i.e., febris, or pyrexia) and other problems, depending on where the infection occurs. When the body’s natural defense system (i.e., systema) is strong, it can often fight the germs and prevent infection. Some cancer treatments can weaken the natural defense system. Cancer is a term for diseases in which abnormal (i.e., deviant) cells divide without control and can invade nearby tissues. Cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body through the blood (i.e., haema) and lymph (i.e., lympha) systems. There are several main (i.e., hand) types of cancer. Carcinoma is a cancer that begins in the skin (i.e., cutis) or in tissues that line (i.e., linea) or cover internal (i.e., internus) organs. Sarcoma is a cancer that begins in bone (i.e., os), cartilage (i.e., cartilago, or chondrus), fat (i.e., adipose tissue), muscle (i.e., musculus, or see musculus), blood vessels, or other connective or supportive tissue. Leukemia (i.e., leukocytic sarcoma) is a cancer that starts in blood-forming tissue such as the bone marrow (i.e., medulla ossium), and causes large numbers of abnormal blood cells to be produced and enter the blood. Lymphoma and multiple myeloma (i.e., multiple myelomatosis, or myelomatosis multiplex) are cancers that begin in the cells of the immune system. Central nervous system (i.e., systema nervosum) cancers are cancers that begin in the tissues of the brain and spinal (i.e., rachial, or rachidial) cord (i.e., fasciculus, or funiculus). Also called malignancy.

  1. It is obvious that, a case of human polyomavirus Bk infection in a patient affected by late phase prostate (i.e., prostata, or glandula prostatica) cancer could viral infection be correlated with cancer progression.[1] Prostate cancer, cancer that forms in tissues of the prostate (a gland (i.e., glandula) in the male (i.e., masculine) reproductive system (i.e., genital system) found below the bladder and in front of the rectum). Prostate cancer usually occurs in older men. Prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system. The prostate surrounds the part of the urethra (the tube (i.e., tuba) that empties the bladder) just below the bladder, and produces a fluid that forms part of the semen (i.e., seed, or seminal fluid). Progression is in medicine, the course of a
    disease, such as cancer, as it becomes worse or spreads in the body.
  2. You can conclude that, however, he thinks future research on Sap-related molecules could point toward better therapies for other viral infections or autoimmune diseases.[2]
  3. It seems to be, children who have the genetic defect that causes Xlp face (i.e., surface, or facies) a greater risk of severe complications from viral infections.[2] Genetic, inherited; having to do with information that is passed from parents to offspring through genes in sperm (i.e., sperm cell, or spermatozoon) and egg
    cells.
  4. It might seem apparant that, in Morocco, cervical (i.e., cervicalis) malignant neoplastic disease is a late sequel of a viral contagion (i.e., contagium) with certain Hpv (Infection Human Papillomavirus (i.e., papilloma virus) Infection (HPV)) types.[5] Cervical, relating to the neck (i.e., cervix (i.e., neck, or cervix of uterus), or collum), or to the neck of any organ or structure (i.e., structura). Cervical lymph nodes are located in the neck. Cervical cancer refers to cancer of the uterine cervix, which is the lower (i.e., inferior, or lower tubercle), narrow end (the neck ) of the uterus (i.e., metra, or womb). HPV is a type of virus that can cause abnormal tissue growth (for example, warts) and other changes to cells. Infection for a long time with certain types of HPV can cause cervical cancer. HPV may also play a role in some other types of cancer, such as anal, vaginal, vulvar, penile (i.e., penial), oropharyngeal, and squamous (i.e., scaly) cell
    skin cancers. Also called human papillomavirus.
  5. It appears to be that, wash your hands frequently when these viral infections are going around.[6]

Pertaining to the theory Cancer Late Viral Infections , the next things were found:

  • It’s possible to assume that, Veillette says his findings help explain the uncontrolled immune response that occurs during viral infections in children with XLP.[2]
  • You can notice, in some people, the viral load stays high, and Hiv (Human immunodeficiency (i.e., immune deficiency, or immunity deficiency) virus (HIV)) infection can get worse apace through the next stage.[3] HIV is the reason of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (i.e., aids) (AIDS (i.e., acquired immunodeficiency syndrome)). As well called human immunodeficiency virus. Stage is the extent of a cancer in the body. Staging is usually based on the size of the tumor (i.e., neoplasm),
    whether lymph nodes contain cancer, and whether the cancer has spread from the
    original site (i.e., situs) to other parts of the body.
  • It’s been found that, m to the viral capsid antigen appears ahead of time in infection and disappears within four to six weeks.[4] Antigen, any
    substance (i.e., substantia, or matter) that causes the body to make a
    specific immune response.
  • It looks that, if antibodies to both the viral capsid antigen and EBNA are present, then past contagion (from 4).[4]
  • Finally, it is clear that, the drugs are given to help keep you from getting a bacterial, viral, or fungal (i.e., fungous) infection.[6]

Terminology


Neoplasm

An abnormal tissue that grows by cellular proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease. Neoplasms show partial or complete lack of structural organization and functional coordination with the normal tissue, and usually form a distinct mass of tissue that may be either benign (benign tumor) or malignant (cancer)


Lymph

A clear, transparent, sometimes faintly yellow and slightly opalescent fluid that is collected from the tissues throughout the body, flows in the lymphatic vessels (through the lymph nodes), and is eventually added to the venous blood circulation. Lymph consists of a clear liquid portion, varying numbers of white blood cells (chiefly lymphocytes), and a few red blood cells


Bk

Symbol for berkelium.


Bladder

  1. A distensible musculomembranous organ serving as a
    receptacle for fluid, such as the urinary bladder or gallbladder.
  2. See detrusor


Myelomatosis

A disease characterized by the occurrence of myeloma in various sites.


Spinal

  1. Relating to any spine or spinous process.
  2. Relating to the vertebral column


Nervous system

the entire nerve apparatus, composed of a central part (the brain and spinal cord) and a peripheral part (the cranial and spinal nerves, autonomic ganglia, plexuses and peripheral nerves)


Reproductive

Relating to reproduction.


Adipose

Denoting fat.


Leukocytic

Pertaining to or characterized by leukocytes


Prostate

A chestnut-shaped body, surrounding the beginning of the urethra in the male, which consists of two lateral lobes connected anteriorly by an isthmus and posteriorly by a middle lobe lying above and between the ejaculatory ducts. Structurally, the prostate consists of 30??????50 compound tubuloalveolar glands among which is abundant stroma consisting of collagen and elastic fibers and many smooth muscle bundles. The secretion of the glands is a milky fluid that is discharged by excretory ducts into the prostatic urethra at the time of the emission of semen


Viral

Of, pertaining to, or caused by a virus.


Virus

  1. Formerly, the specific agent of an infectious
    disease.
  2. Specifically, a term for a group of infectious
    agents, which, with few exceptions, are capable of passing through fine
    filters that retain most bacteria, are usually not visible through the light
    microscope, lack independent metabolism, and are incapable of growth or
    reproduction apart from living cells. They have a prokaryotic genetic
    apparatus but differ sharply from bacteria in other respects. The complete
    particle usually contains either DNA or RNA, not both, and is usually covered
    by a protein shell or capsid that protects the nucleic acid. They range in
    size from 15 to several hundred nanometers. Classification of viruses depends
    on physiochemical characteristics of virions as well as on mode of
    transmission, host range, symptomatology, and other factors. For viruses not
    listed below, see the specific name.
  3. Relating to or caused by a virus, as a viral
    disease.
  4. Obsolete usage. From before the development of
    bacteriology, any agent thought to cause disease, including a chemical
    substance such as an enzyme (??????ferment??????) similar to snake venom;
    synonymous at that time with ??????poison.??????
  5. Synonyms filtrable virus


Capsid

  1. Protein coat of a virus.
  2. See virion


Immune system

an intricate complex of interrelated cellular, molecular, and genetic components that provides a defense, the immune response, against foreign organisms or substances and aberrant native cells.


Tubercle

  1. A nodule, especially in an anatomic, not pathologic,
    sense.
  2. A circumscribed, rounded, solid elevation on the
    skin, mucous membrane, surface of an organ, or the surface of a bone, the
    latter giving attachment to a muscle or ligament.
  3. dentistry a small elevation arising on the surface of
    a tooth.
  4. A granulomatous lesion due to infection by
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Although somewhat variable in size (0.5??????3 mm
    in diameter) and in the proportions of various histologic components,
    tubercle’s tend to be fairly well circumscribed, spheroid, firm lesions that
    usually consist of three irregularly outlined but moderately distinct zones 1)
    an inner focus of necrosis, coagulative at first, which then becomes caseous;
    2) a middle zone that consists of a fairly dense accumulation of large
    mononuclear phagocytes (macrophages), frequently arranged somewhat radially
    (with reference to the necrotic material) resembling an epithelium, and hence
    termed epithelioid cells; multinucleated giant cells of Langhans type may also
    be present; and 3) an outer zone of numerous lymphocytes, and a few monocytes
    and plasma cells. In instances in which healing has begun, a fourth zone of
    fibrous tissue may form at the periphery. Morphologically indistinguishable
    lesions may occur in diseases caused by other agents; many observers use the
    term nonspecifically, with reference to any such granuloma; other clinicians
    use tubercle only for tuberculous lesions, and then designate those of
    undetermined causes as epithelioid-cell granulomas


Genital

  1. Relating to reproduction or generation.
  2. Relating to the primary female or male sex organs or
    genitals.
  3. Relating to or characterized by genitality.


Cervix of uterus

the lower part of the uterus extending from the isthmus of the uterus into the vagina. It is divided into supravaginal and vaginal parts by its passage through the vaginal wall


Fungi

A kingdom of eukaryotic organisms that grow in irregular masses, without roots, stems, or leaves, and are devoid of chlorophyll or other pigments capable of photosynthesis. Each organism (thallus) is unicellular to filamentous, and possesses branched somatic structures (hyphae) surrounded by cell walls containing glucan or chitin or both, and containing true nuclei. They reproduce sexually or asexually (spore formation), and may obtain nutrition from other living organisms as parasites or from dead organic matter as saprobes (saprophytes).


Brain

That part of the central nervous system contained within the cranium.


Wash

A solution used to clean or bathe a part. For types of washes, see the specific term, eyewash, mouthwash.


Fungous

Relating to a fungus


Uterus

The hollow muscular organ in which the ootid is developed into the embryo and fetus; it is about 7.5-cm long in a nonpregnant woman; consists of a main portion (body) with an elongated lower part (cervix), at the extremity of which is the opening (external os). The upper rounded portion of the uterus, opposite the os, is the fundus, at each extremity of which is the horn marking the part where the uterine tube joins the uterus and through which the morula reaches the uterine cavity after leaving the uterine tube. The organ is passively supported in the pelvic cavity by the vagina and paracolpium and by the anteflexion and anteversion of the normal uterus, which places its mass superior to the bladder; it is actively supported by the tonic and phasic contraction of the muscles of the pelvic floor


Defect

An imperfection, malformation, dysfunction, or absence; an attribute of quality, in contrast with deficiency, which is an attribute of quantity.


Medulla

Any soft marrowlike structure, especially in the center of a part


Cartilage

A connective tissue characterized by its nonvascularity and firm consistency; consists of cells (chondrocytes), an interstitial matrix of fibers (collagen), and ground substance (proteoglycans). There are three kinds of cartilage hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage, and fibrocartilage. Nonvascular, resilient, flexible connective tissue found primarily in joints, the walls of the thorax, and tubular structures (larynx, air passages, and ears); makes up most of the skeleton in early fetal life, but is slowly replaced by bone. For a gross anatomic description, see cartilago and its subentries


Seminal

  1. Relating to semen.
  2. Original or influential of future developments.


Immune response

  1. any response of the immune system to an antigen
    including antibody production and/or cell-mediated immunity;
  2. the response of the immune system to an antigen
    (immunogen) that leads to the condition of induced sensitivity; the immune
    response to the initial antigenic exposure (primary immune response) is
    detectable, as a rule, only after a lag period of from several days to 2
    weeks; the immune response to a subsequent stimulus (secondary immune
    response) by the same antigen is more rapid than in the case of the primary
    immune response.


Oropharyngeal

Relating to the oropharynx.


Syndrome

The aggregate of symptoms and signs associated with any morbid process, together constituting the picture of the disease.


Leukemia

Progressive proliferation of abnormal leukocytes found in hemopoietic tissues, other organs, and usually in the blood in increased numbers. Leukemia is classified by the dominant cell type, and by duration from onset to death. This occurs in acute leukemia within a few months in most cases, and is associated with acute symptoms including severe anemia, hemorrhages, and slight enlargement of lymph nodes or the spleen. The duration of chronic leukemia exceeds one year, with a gradual onset of symptoms of anemia or marked enlargement of spleen, liver, or lymph nodes


Rectum

The terminal portion of the digestive tube, extending from the rectosigmoid junction to the anal canal (perineal flexure).


Bacteria

Plural of bacterium.


Neck

  1. Part of body by which the head is connected to the
    trunk, it extends from the base of the cranium to the top of the shoulders.
  2. In anatomy, any constricted portion having a fancied
    resemblance to the neck of an animal.
  3. The germinative portion of an adult tapeworm, that
    develops the segments or proglottids; the region of cestode segmentation
    behind the scolex


Cervix

Any necklike structure


Penile

Relating to the penis


Punctum

  1. The tip or end of a sharp process.
  2. A minute round spot differing in color or otherwise
    in appearance from the surrounding tissues.
  3. A point on the optic axis of an optic system


Myeloma

  1. A tumor composed of cells derived from hemopoietic
    tissues of the bone marrow.
  2. A plasma cell tumor.


Filtrable

Capable of passing a filter; frequently applied to smaller viruses and some bacteria.


Sperm

The male gamete or sex cell that contains the genetic information to be transmitted by the male, exhibits autokinesia, and is able to effect zygosis with an oocyte. The human sperm is composed of a head and a tail, the tail being divisible into a neck, a middle piece, a principal piece, and an end piece; the head, 4??????6 mcm in length, is a broadly oval, flattened body containing the nucleus; the tail is about 55 mcm in length


Neoplastic

Pertaining to or characterized by neoplasia, or containing a neoplasm.


Papillomavirus

A genus of viruses (family Papovaviridae) containing double-stranded circular DNA (MW 5 ???? 106), having virions about 55 nm in diameter, and including the papilloma and wart viruses of humans and other animals, some of which are associated with induction of carcinoma. More than 70 types are known to infect humans and are differentiated by DNA homology


Bone marrow

the soft, pulpy tissue filling the medullary cavities of bones, having a stroma of reticular fibers and cells; it differs in consistency by age and location


Malignancy

The property or condition of being malignant.


Immunodeficiency

A condition resulting from a defective immune mechanism; may be primary (due to a defect in the immune mechanism itself) or secondary (dependent on another disease process), specific (due to a defect in either the B-lymphocyte or the T-lymphocyte system, or both) or nonspecific (due to a defect in one or another component of the nonspecific immune mechanism the complement, properdin, or phagocytic system)


Semen

The penile ejaculate; a thick, yellowish-white, viscid fluid containing sperms; a mixture produced by secretions of the testes, seminal glands, prostate, and bulbourethral glands


Lymphoma

Any neoplasm of lymphoid or reticuloendothelial tissues; in general use, synonymous with malignant lymphoma; present as apparently solid tumors composed of cells that appear primitive or resemble lymphocytes, plasma cells, or histiocytes. Lymphomas appear most frequently in the lymph nodes, spleen, or other normal sites of lymphoreticular cells; may invade other organs or manifest as leukemia. Lymphomas are now classified by histology, immunophenotype, and cytogenetic analysis, according to cell of orgin (B or T cells) and degree of maturation. The current World Health Organization (WHO) classification of lymphoid neoplasms is based on the Revised European-American Lymphoma (REAL) classification and effectively replaces older schemes such as the Working Formulation and Rappaport classification, which were based solely on morphology.


Anal

Relating to the anus.


Germs

microphobia.


Masculine

Relating to or marked by the characteristics of the male sex or gender


Bacterial

Relating to bacteria.


Vulvar

Relating to the vulva.


Face

The front portion of the head; the visage, including eyes, nose, mouth, forehead, cheeks, and chin; excludes ears


Hiv

Abbreviation for human immunodeficiency virus.


His

Symbol for histidine.


Medicine

  1. A drug.
  2. The art of preventing or curing disease; the science
    concerned with disease in all its relations.
  3. The study and treatment of general diseases or those
    affecting the internal parts of the body, especially those not usually
    requiring surgical intervention.


Malignant

  1. occurring in severe form, and frequently fatal;
    tending to become worse and leading to an ingravescent course.
  2. In reference to a neoplasm, having the property of
    locally invasive and destructive growth and metastasis.


Hpv

Abbreviation for human papillomavirus.


Load

  1. A departure from normal body content, as of water,
    salt, or heat; positive loads are quantities in excess of the normal; negative
    loads are quantities in deficit.
  2. The quantity of a measurable entity borne by an
    object or organism.


Immunity

  1. The status or quality of being immune (1).
  2. Protection against infectious disease


Cervical

Relating to a neck, or cervix, in any sense


Sap

The juice or tissue fluid of a living organism.


Genetic

Pertaining to genetics; genetical.


Uterine

Relating to the uterus.


Chondrus

The plant Chondrus crispus, Fucus crispus, or Gigartina mamillosa (family Gigartinaceae); a demulcent in chronic and intestinal disorders


Tumor

  1. Any swelling or tumefaction.
  2. One of the four signs of inflammation (t., calor,
    dolor, rubor) enunciated by Celsus


Polyomavirus

A genus of viruses (family Papovaviridae) containing DNA (MW 3 ???? 106), having virions about 45 nm in diameter, and including viruses oncogenic for animals; includes the polyoma virus of rodents, vacuolating viruses (SV40) of primates, and the BK and JC viruses of humans.


Squamous

Relating to or covered with scales


Staging

  1. The determination or classification of distinct
    phases or periods in the course of a disease or pathologic process.
  2. The determination of the specific extent of a disease
    process in an individual patient.


Vaginal

Relating to the vagina or to any sheath.


Nervous

  1. Relating to a nerve or the nerves.
  2. Easily excited or agitated; suffering from mental or
    emotional instability; tense or anxious.
  3. Formerly, denoting a temperament characterized by
    excessive mental and physical alertness, rapid pulse, excitability, often
    volubility, but not always fixity of purpose.


Xlp

Abbreviation for X-linked lymphoproliferative disease.


Immunodeficiency syndrome

an immunologic deficiency or disorder, of which the chief symptom is an increased susceptibility to infection, the pattern of susceptibility being dependent on the kind of deficiency.


Contagion

  1. Transmission of infection by direct contact, droplet
    spread, or contaminated fomites. The term originated long before development
    of modern ideas of infectious disease and has since lost much of its
    significance, being included under the more inclusive term ??????communicable
    disease.??????
  2. Production through suggestion or imitation of a
    neurosis or psychosis in several or more members of a group


Contagium

The agent of an infectious disease


Urethra

The canal leading from the bladder, discharging the urine externally.


Autoimmune

Term describing cells and antibodies arising from and directed against the individual’s own tissues, as in autoimmune disease.


Sarcoma

A connective tissue neoplasm, usually highly malignant, formed by proliferation of mesodermal cells.

Related Material

  1. A case of human polyoma… [Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 2007 Apr-Jun] – PubMed – NCBI
  2. HHMI News: Rare Childhood Blood Disorder Sidesteps Immune System s Attack
  3. The course of HIV infection
  4. Epstein-Barr Virus
  5. The viral origin of cervical cancer in Rabat, Morocco. | Mendeley
  6. Infections in People With Cancer

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