Cancer

Cancer

Cancer


The next explored findings can be made with respect to Cancer :

  • One can notice, cancers are often referred to by terms that contain a prefix related to the cell type (i.e., typus, or variation) in which the cancer originated and a suffix such as -sarcoma, -carcinoma, or just -oma.[1] Carcinoma, cancer that begins in the skin (i.e., cutis) or in tissues that line (i.e., linea) or cover internal (i.e., internus) organs. Cell type, describes the kinds of cells found in normal or malignant neoplastic disease (i.e., illness, or morbus) tissue. The cell type is normally identified by looking under a microscope. Some examples of cell types are lymphocytes, melanocytes, and squamous (i.e., scaly) cells. In cancer, it is important to know the cell type in order to diagnose the cancer, plan treatment, and determine prospect. Sarcoma is a cancer of the bone (i.e., os), cartilage (i.e., cartilago, or chondrus), fat (i.e., adipose tissue), muscle (i.e., musculus, or see musculus), blood (i.e., haema) vessels, or other connective or supportive tissue. Cell is the individual unit that makes up the tissues of the body (i.e., corpus). All living things are made up of one or more cells.

  • It’s possible to determine, cancer can be the effect of a genetic predisposition that is inherited from family members.[1] Genetic, inherited; having to do with information that is passed from parents to offspring through genes in sperm (i.e., sperm cell, or spermatozoon) and egg cells. Inherited, transmitted through genes that experience been passed from parents to their offspring (children). Genetic predisposition is an inherited increment in the risk of infection of developing a disease. As well called genetic susceptibleness.

  • It’s possible to determine, radiation (i.e., radiatio) treatment, likewise known as radiotherapy (i.e., radiation oncology), destroys cancer by focusing high-energy rays on the cancer cells.[1] Radiotherapy is the use of high-energy radiation from x-rays, gamma rays, neutrons, protons, and other sources to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. Radiation may come from a machine outside the body (external (i.e., externus)-beam radiation therapy), or it may come from radioactive (i.e., radio-) material placed in the body near cancer cells (internal radiation therapy). Systemic radiotherapy uses a radioactive essence, such as a radiolabeled monoclonal antibody, that travels in the blood to tissues throughout the body. Also called irradioactivity and radiation therapy. Radiation, energy released in the form of particle or electromagnetic waves. Common sources of radiation include radon gas, cosmic rays from outer space (i.e., spatium), medical (i.e., medicinal, or medicinal) x-rays, and energy given off by a radioisotope (unstable form of a chemical element that releases radiation as it breaks down and becomes more stable).

  • It really is apparent that, liver (i.e., hepar) malignant neoplastic disease is the fifth most common cancer in the world and the absolute majority of patients with liver cancer will die within one year as a result.[2] Liver is a large organ located in the upper abdomen (i.e., venter). The liver cleanses the blood and aids (i.e., acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) in digestion by secreting bile (i.e., gall). Liver cancer, primary liver cancer is cancer that forms in the tissues of the liver. Secondary liver cancer is cancer that spreads to the liver from another part of the body.

  • Apparently, pancreatic cancer has been called a silent disease because early pancreatic cancer usually does not cause symptoms.[2] Pancreatic, having to do with the pancreas. Pancreatic cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells are found in the tissues of the pancreas. Also called exocrine (i.e., eccrine) cancer.

  • It might seem apparant that, while it has been known for hundreds of years that fevers can kill cancer, only recently has technology been developed that can control and focus heat specifically on tumors.[3]

  • For instance, a cancer is a cell that has lost its normal control mechanisms and thusly has unregulated.[4]

  • It looks that, may help keep the disease in check, as breast (i.e., mamma, or teat) cancers are sometimes driven by.[4] Breast, glandular (i.e., glandulous) organ located on the chest (i.e., pectus). The breast is made up of connective tissue (i.e., interstitial tissue, or supporting tissue), fat, and breast tissue that contains the glands that can make milk (i.e., strip, or lac). Also called mammary gland (i.e., glandula mammaria, or lactiferous gland).

  • It’s been found that, the basis (i.e., base) of the independent kinship between an elevated m (minimum).[5]

  • For instance, global positioning system before surgical operation and postoperative infections in patients with primary operable colorectal cancer is not clear.[5] Postoperative, after surgical procedure. Colorectal cancer, cancer that develops in the colon (the longest part of the large intestine (i.e., bowel, or gut) (i.e., intestinum crassum)) and/or the rectum (the last several inches of the large intestine before the anus (i.e., anal orifice)). Colorectal, having to do with the colon or the rectum. Operable, describes a condition that can be treated by surgical operation.

  • Finally, you can conclude that, cancer is not merely one disease but many diseases.[6]

Terminology

Mammary gland

the potential and active compound, alveolar, mostly merocrine (with possible apocrine components) milk-secreting gland lying within the breast; it comprises 15??????24 lobes, each consisting of many lobules, separated by adipose tissue and fibrous septa; the parenchyma of the resting postpubertal female gland consists of ducts; the alveoli develop only during pregnancy and remain active until weaning; normally, the gland remains rudimentary (undistinguishable from its childhood state) in men

Large intestine

the distal (aboral) portion of the digestive tube extending from the ileocecal valve to the anus; it comprises the cecum (with appendix), colon, rectum, and anal canal; shorter in length but larger in caliber than the small intestine, the large intestine functions to absorb fluids and electrolytes and provide temporary storage

Exocrine

  1. Denoting glandular secretion delivered onto the body surface.

  2. Denoting a gland that secretes outwardly through excretory ducts

Adipose

Denoting fat.

Cell

  1. The smallest unit of living structure capable of independent existence, composed of a membrane-enclosed mass of protoplasm and containing a nucleus or nucleoid. Cells are highly variable and specialized in both structure and function, although all must at some stage replicate proteins and nucleic acids, use energy, and reproduce themselves.

  2. A small closed or partly closed cavity; a compartment or hollow receptacle.

  3. A container of glass, ceramic, or other solid material within which chemical reactions generating electricity take place or solutions are placed for photometric assays.

Colon

The large intestine extending from the cecum to the rectum.

Glandular

Relating to a gland

Pancreatic

Relating to the pancreas.

Radioisotope

An isotope that changes to a more stable state by emitting radiation.

Systemic

Relating to a system; specifically somatic, relating to the entire organism as distinguished from any of its individual parts.

Monoclonal

In immunochemistry, pertaining to a protein from a single clone of cells, all molecules of which are the same; in the case of Bence Jones protein, the chains are all ???? or ????.

Bile

Yellowish-brown or green fluid secreted by the liver and discharged into the duodenum, where it aids in the emulsification of fats, increases peristalsis, and retards putrefaction; contains sodium glycocholate and sodium taurocholate, cholesterol, biliverdin, bilirubin, mucus, fat, lecithin, and cells and cellular debris

Postoperative

Following an operation.

Cartilage

A connective tissue characterized by its nonvascularity and firm consistency; consists of cells (chondrocytes), an interstitial matrix of fibers (collagen), and ground substance (proteoglycans). There are three kinds of cartilage hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage, and fibrocartilage. Nonvascular, resilient, flexible connective tissue found primarily in joints, the walls of the thorax, and tubular structures (larynx, air passages, and ears); makes up most of the skeleton in early fetal life, but is slowly replaced by bone. For a gross anatomic description, see cartilago and its subentries

Infection

Invasion of the body with organisms that have the potential to cause disease.

Syndrome

The aggregate of symptoms and signs associated with any morbid process, together constituting the picture of the disease.

Rectum

The terminal portion of the digestive tube, extending from the rectosigmoid junction to the anal canal (perineal flexure).

Gamma rays

electromagnetic radiation emitted from radioactive substances; they are high-energy x-rays but originate from the nucleus rather than the orbital shell and are not deflected by a magnet.

Oncology

The study or science dealing with the physical, chemical, and biologic properties and features of neoplasms, including causation, pathogenesis, and treatment.

Sperm

The male gamete or sex cell that contains the genetic information to be transmitted by the male, exhibits autokinesia, and is able to effect zygosis with an oocyte. The human sperm is composed of a head and a tail, the tail being divisible into a neck, a middle piece, a principal piece, and an end piece; the head, 4??????6 mcm in length, is a broadly oval, flattened body containing the nucleus; the tail is about 55 mcm in length

Neoplastic

Pertaining to or characterized by neoplasia, or containing a neoplasm.

Mammary

Relating to the breasts.

Absolute

Unconditional; unlimited; uncombined; undiluted (as in reference to alcohol); certain.

Venter

  1. One of the great cavities of the body.

  2. The uterus

Abdomen

The part of the trunk that lies between the thorax and the pelvis. The abdomen does not include the vertebral region posteriorly but is considered by some anatomists to include the pelvis (abdominopelvic cavity). It includes the greater part of the abdominal cavity (cavitas abdominis [TA]) and is divided by arbitrary planes into nine regions

Immunodeficiency

A condition resulting from a defective immune mechanism; may be primary (due to a defect in the immune mechanism itself) or secondary (dependent on another disease process), specific (due to a defect in either the B-lymphocyte or the T-lymphocyte system, or both) or nonspecific (due to a defect in one or another component of the nonspecific immune mechanism the complement, properdin, or phagocytic system)

Radiation therapy

  1. treatment with x-rays or radionuclides.

  2. See radiation oncology


Gall

An excoriation or erosion

Medicinal

Relating to medicine having curative properties

Anal

Relating to the anus.

Anus

The lower opening of the digestive tract. It is associated with the anal sphincter and lies in the cleft between the buttocks, through which fecal matter is extruded

Cosmic rays

high-velocity particles of enormous energies, bombarding earth from outer space; the ??????primary radiation?????? consists of protons and more complex atomic nuclei that, on striking the atmosphere, give rise to neutrons, mesons, and other less energetic ??????secondary radiation.??????

Intestine

The digestive tube passing from the stomach to the anus. It is divided primarily into the small intestine (intestinum tenue) and the large intestine (intestinum crassum)

Gamma

  1. Third letter of the Greek alphabet, ????.

  2. A unit of magnetic field intensity equal to 10??????9 T.

-oma

A tumor or neoplasm.

Liver

The largest gland of the body, lying beneath the diaphragm in the right hypochondrium and upper part of the epigastric region; it is of irregular shape and weighs from 1??????2 kg, or about one fortieth the weight of the body. As an exocrine gland, it secretes bile; it initially receives most absorbed nutrients through the portal vein; it detoxifies drugs and many exogeneous substances and is also of great importance in fat, carbohydrate, and protein metabolism; also stores glycogen

Orifice

Any aperture or opening

Colorectal

Relating to the colon and rectum, or to the entire large bowel.

Gut

  1. Embryonic digestive tube.

  2. Abbreviated term for catgut

Radiation

radiophobia.

Malignant

  1. occurring in severe form, and frequently fatal; tending to become worse and leading to an ingravescent course.

  2. In reference to a neoplasm, having the property of locally invasive and destructive growth and metastasis.

Interstitial

  1. Relating to spaces or interstices in any structure.

  2. Relating to spaces within a tissue or organ, but excluding such spaces as body cavities or potential space.

Intestinum

Inward; inner

Genetic

Pertaining to genetics; genetical.

Chondrus

The plant Chondrus crispus, Fucus crispus, or Gigartina mamillosa (family Gigartinaceae); a demulcent in chronic and intestinal disorders

Medical

Relating to medicine or the practice of medicine

Pancreas

An elongated lobulated retroperitoneal gland, devoid of a distinct capsule, extending from the concavity of the duodenum to the spleen; it consists of a flattened head within the duodenal concavity, a neck connecting the head and body, an elongated three-sided body extending transversely across the abdomen, and a tail in contact with the spleen. The gland secretes from its exocrine part pancreatic juice that is discharged into the intestine, and from its endocrine part the internal secretions insulin and glucagon.

Radioactive

Possessing radioactivity

Global

The complete, generalized, overall, or total aspect.

Surgical

Relating to surgery.

Squamous

Relating to or covered with scales

Lactiferous

Yielding milk.

Eccrine

Denoting the flow of sweat from skin glands unconnected to hair follicles

Connective tissue

the physical or functional supporting tissue of the animal body, a major constituent of which (in addition to various kinds of cells) is an extracellular matrix of ground substance, protein fibers, and structural glycoproteins; it is derived from the mesenchyme, which in turn is derived mainly from mesoderm; the many kinds of connective tissue may be classified according to cell-matrix proportion (loose vs. dense), arrangement of fibers (regular dense vs. irregular dense), fiber type (collagenous, elastic), embedded cell type (adipose, lymphoid, hemopoietic), degree of differentiation (mesenchymal, mucous), location (subcutaneous, periosteal, perichondrial), appearance (areolar, granulation), or nature of matrix (cartilaginous, osseous, or, in the cases of blood and lymph, liquid)

Sarcoma

A connective tissue neoplasm, usually highly malignant, formed by proliferation of mesodermal cells.

Operable

Denoting a patient on whom or condition on which a surgical procedure can be performed with a reasonable expectation of cure or relief.

Related Material


  1. What is Cancer? What Causes Cancer?


  2. Cancer (Malignant Tumor) Types, Facts, Survival Rates, Statistics and Information on MedicineNet.com


  3. Hyperthermia Cancer Treatment – YouTube


  4. Cancer supplements, herbs, vitamins, diet and food, natural and alternative treatments


  5. British Journal of Cancer – Preoperative systemic inflammation predicts postoperative infectious complications in patients undergoing curative resection for colorectal cancer


  6. What Is Cancer? – National Cancer Institute

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