Cancer Hypopharynx (i.e., laryngopharynx)

Cancer Hypopharynx

Cancer Hypopharynx (i.e., laryngopharynx)


Cancer Hypopharynx relevant discoveries consist of, but are not limited by:

  • Apparently, the cancer could be anything from T1 to T4, N1 to N4, but the major deviation (i.e., deviance) is the fact that the cancer has metastasized (M1) to other organs away from the hypopharynx.[1] Cancer is a term for diseases in which abnormal (i.e., deviant) cells divide without control and can invade nearby tissues. Cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body (i.e., corpus) through the blood (i.e., haema) and lymph (i.e., lympha) systems. There are several main (i.e., hand) types of cancer. Carcinoma is a cancer that begins in the skin (i.e., cutis) or in tissues that line (i.e., linea) or cover internal (i.e., internus) organs. Sarcoma is a cancer that begins in bone (i.e., os), cartilage (i.e., cartilago, or chondrus), fat (i.e., adipose tissue), muscle (i.e., musculus, or see musculus), blood vessels, or other connective or supportive tissue. Leukemia (i.e., leukocytic sarcoma) is a cancer that starts in blood-forming tissue such as the bone marrow (i.e., medulla ossium), and causes large numbers of abnormal blood cells to be produced and enter the blood. Lymphoma and multiple myeloma (i.e., multiple myelomatosis, or myelomatosis multiplex) are cancers that begin in the cells of the immune system. Central nervous system (i.e., systema nervosum) cancers are cancers that begin in the tissues of the brain and spinal (i.e., rachial, or rachidial) cord (i.e., fasciculus, or funiculus). Also called malignancy. Hypopharynx is the undersurface part of the pharynx. Cancer of the hypopharynx is likewise known as hypopharyngeal (i.e., hypobranchial) cancer. T4 is a endocrine that is made by the thyroid gland (i.e., glandula thyroidea, or thyroid body) (i.e., glandula) and contains iodin. T4 increases the rate of chemic reactions in cells and helps control growth and development. T4 can also be made in the laboratory and is used to care for thyroid disorders. Also called L-3,five,5′-tetraiodothyronine, thyroxine, and thyroxine.

  • One can presume that, the process (i.e., processus) used to find out if cancer has spread within the hypopharynx or to other parts of the body is called staging.[2] Staging, performing exams and tests to learn the extent of the cancer within the organic structure (i.e., structura), especially whether the disease has spread from the original site (i.e., situs) to other parts of the body. It is important to know the level of the disease in order to plan the best treatment.

  • It’s that, hypopharyngeal malignant neoplastic disease is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells forge in the tissues of the hypopharynx.[2] Malignant, cancerous. Malignant cells can invade and destroy nearby tissue and spread to other parts of the body.

  • It really is apparent that, cancer of the hypopharynx is uncommon; roughly 2,500 new cases are diagnosed in the United States each year.[3]

  • It would appear apparant that, cancers similar chondrosarcomas or synovial sarcomas can develop from connective tissues of the larynx or hypopharynx, but this is extremely rare.[4] Larynx is the area of the pharynx containing the vocal cords and used for breathing (i.e., pneusis), swallowing, and talking. As well called voice (i.e., vox) box.

  • One can recognize, the relative incidence of badly differentiated cancer is higher in the hypopharynx than in other regions.[5] Incidence is the number of new cases of a disease diagnosed each year.

  • Finally, it is clear that, hypopharyngeal malignant neoplastic disease is the cancer of the hypopharynx, which is located above the oesophagus and windpipe (i.e., trachea).[6] Esophagus is the muscular tube (i.e., tuba)-shaped structure through which nutrient passes from the throat (i.e., gullet) to the stomach (i.e., gaster, or ventriculus).

Terminology

Gland

An organized aggregation of cells functioning as a secretory or excretory organ

Lymph

A clear, transparent, sometimes faintly yellow and slightly opalescent fluid that is collected from the tissues throughout the body, flows in the lymphatic vessels (through the lymph nodes), and is eventually added to the venous blood circulation. Lymph consists of a clear liquid portion, varying numbers of white blood cells (chiefly lymphocytes), and a few red blood cells

L-

Levorotatory.

T1

In magnetic resonance, the time for 63% of longitudinal relaxation to occur; the value is a function of magnetic field strength and the chemical environment of the hydrogen nucleus; for protons in fat and in water, in a 1.5T magnet, about 250 milliseconds and 3000 milliseconds, respectively. A T1-weighted image will have a bright fat signal.

Myelomatosis

A disease characterized by the occurrence of myeloma in various sites.

Spinal

  1. Relating to any spine or spinous process.

  2. Relating to the vertebral column

Nervous system

the entire nerve apparatus, composed of a central part (the brain and spinal cord) and a peripheral part (the cranial and spinal nerves, autonomic ganglia, plexuses and peripheral nerves)

Adipose

Denoting fat.

Leukocytic

Pertaining to or characterized by leukocytes

Gaster

Prominent part of wasp or ant abdomen, separated from the other body parts by a thin connecting segment

Immune system

an intricate complex of interrelated cellular, molecular, and genetic components that provides a defense, the immune response, against foreign organisms or substances and aberrant native cells.

Larynx

The organ of voice production; the part of the respiratory tract between the pharynx and the trachea; it consists of a framework of cartilages and elastic membranes housing the vocal folds and the muscles that control the position and tension of these elements.

Laryngopharynx

The part of the pharynx lying below the aperture of the larynx and behind the larynx; it extends from the vestibule of the larynx to the esophagus at the level of the inferior border of the cricoid cartilage

Throat

  1. The fauces and pharynx.

  2. The anterior aspect of the neck.

  3. Any narrowed entrance into a hollow part

Brain

That part of the central nervous system contained within the cranium.

Medulla

Any soft marrowlike structure, especially in the center of a part

Cartilage

A connective tissue characterized by its nonvascularity and firm consistency; consists of cells (chondrocytes), an interstitial matrix of fibers (collagen), and ground substance (proteoglycans). There are three kinds of cartilage hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage, and fibrocartilage. Nonvascular, resilient, flexible connective tissue found primarily in joints, the walls of the thorax, and tubular structures (larynx, air passages, and ears); makes up most of the skeleton in early fetal life, but is slowly replaced by bone. For a gross anatomic description, see cartilago and its subentries

Leukemia

Progressive proliferation of abnormal leukocytes found in hemopoietic tissues, other organs, and usually in the blood in increased numbers. Leukemia is classified by the dominant cell type, and by duration from onset to death. This occurs in acute leukemia within a few months in most cases, and is associated with acute symptoms including severe anemia, hemorrhages, and slight enlargement of lymph nodes or the spleen. The duration of chronic leukemia exceeds one year, with a gradual onset of symptoms of anemia or marked enlargement of spleen, liver, or lymph nodes

Trachea

The air tube extending from the larynx into the thorax to the level of the fifth or sixth thoracic vertebra where it bifurcates into the right and left bronchi. The trachea is composed of 16??????20 incomplete rings of hyaline cartilage connected by a membrane (anular ligament); posteriorly, the rings are deficient for one fifth to one third of their circumference, the interval forming the membranous wall being closed by a fibrous membrane containing smooth muscular fibers. Internally, the mucosa is composed of a pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium with mucous goblet cells; numerous small mixed mucous and serous glands occur, the ducts of which open to the surface of the epithelium

Myeloma

  1. A tumor composed of cells derived from hemopoietic tissues of the bone marrow.

  2. A plasma cell tumor.

Neoplastic

Pertaining to or characterized by neoplasia, or containing a neoplasm.

Synovial

  1. Relating to, containing, or consisting of synovia.

  2. Relating to the membrana synovialis.

Thyroid

  1. Resembling a shield; denoting a gland (thyroid gland) and a cartilage of the larynx (thyroid cartilage) having such a shape.

  2. The cleaned, dried, and powdered thyroid gland obtained from one of the domesticated animals used for food and containing 0.17??????0.23% of iodine; formerly widely used in the treatment of hypothyroidism, cretinism, and myxedema, in some cases of obesity, and in skin disorders.

Bone marrow

the soft, pulpy tissue filling the medullary cavities of bones, having a stroma of reticular fibers and cells; it differs in consistency by age and location

Malignancy

The property or condition of being malignant.

Lymphoma

Any neoplasm of lymphoid or reticuloendothelial tissues; in general use, synonymous with malignant lymphoma; present as apparently solid tumors composed of cells that appear primitive or resemble lymphocytes, plasma cells, or histiocytes. Lymphomas appear most frequently in the lymph nodes, spleen, or other normal sites of lymphoreticular cells; may invade other organs or manifest as leukemia. Lymphomas are now classified by histology, immunophenotype, and cytogenetic analysis, according to cell of orgin (B or T cells) and degree of maturation. The current World Health Organization (WHO) classification of lymphoid neoplasms is based on the Revised European-American Lymphoma (REAL) classification and effectively replaces older schemes such as the Working Formulation and Rappaport classification, which were based solely on morphology.

Ventriculus

The enlarged posterior portion of the mesenteron of the insect alimentary canal, in which digestion occurs

Cancerous

Relating to or pertaining to a malignant neoplasm, or being afflicted with such a process.

Endocrine

  1. Secreting internally, most commonly into the systemic circulation; of or pertaining to such secretion.

  2. The internal or hormonal secretion of a ductless gland.

  3. Denoting a gland that furnishes an internal secretion.

Muscular

  1. Relating to a muscle or the muscles, in general.

  2. Having well developed musculature.

Malignant

  1. occurring in severe form, and frequently fatal; tending to become worse and leading to an ingravescent course.

  2. In reference to a neoplasm, having the property of locally invasive and destructive growth and metastasis.

Chondrus

The plant Chondrus crispus, Fucus crispus, or Gigartina mamillosa (family Gigartinaceae); a demulcent in chronic and intestinal disorders

Hypopharyngeal

Located beneath the pharyngeal apparatus

Staging

  1. The determination or classification of distinct phases or periods in the course of a disease or pathologic process.

  2. The determination of the specific extent of a disease process in an individual patient.

Nervous

  1. Relating to a nerve or the nerves.

  2. Easily excited or agitated; suffering from mental or emotional instability; tense or anxious.

  3. Formerly, denoting a temperament characterized by excessive mental and physical alertness, rapid pulse, excitability, often volubility, but not always fixity of purpose.

Sarcoma

A connective tissue neoplasm, usually highly malignant, formed by proliferation of mesodermal cells.

Related Material


  1. Hypopharyngeal cancer – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


  2. Hypopharyngeal Cancer Treatment (PDQ ): Treatment – Patient Information [NCI] – Causes, Treatment


  3. Hypopharyngeal Cancer Treatment (PDQ ): Treatment – Health Professional Information [NCI] – Healthy Advice


  4. What are laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancers?


  5. Cancer of the Hypopharynx – hypopharyngeal cancer


  6. About Throat Cancer | eHow.com

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s