Cancer-complex Disease

Cancer Slide 2 Cancer-complex Disease

Cancer Slide 2 Cancer-complex (i.e., sequence) Disease (i.e., illness, or morbus)

Regarding pancreatic cancer, we could point (i.e., punctum) out the following appropriate things. Cancer is a term for diseases in which abnormal (i.e., deviant) cells divide without control and can invade nearby tissues. Cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body (i.e., corpus) through the blood (i.e., haema) and lymph (i.e., lympha) systems. There are several main (i.e., hand) types of cancer. Carcinoma is a cancer that begins in the skin (i.e., cutis) or in tissues that line (i.e., linea) or cover internal (i.e., internus) organs. Sarcoma is a cancer that begins in bone (i.e., os), cartilage (i.e., cartilago, or chondrus), fat (i.e., adipose tissue), muscle (i.e., musculus, or see musculus), blood vessels, or other connective or supportive tissue. Leukemia (i.e., leukocytic sarcoma) is a cancer that starts in blood-forming tissue such as the bone marrow (i.e., medulla ossium), and causes large numbers of abnormal blood cells to be produced and enter the blood. Lymphoma and multiple myeloma (i.e., multiple myelomatosis, or myelomatosis multiplex) are cancers that begin in the cells of the immune system. Central nervous system (i.e., systema nervosum) cancers are cancers that begin in the tissues of the brain and spinal (i.e., rachial, or rachidial) cord (i.e., fasciculus, or funiculus). Also called malignancy. Pancreatic, having to do with the pancreas. Pancreatic cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells are found in the tissues of the pancreas. Pancreas is a glandular (i.e., glandulous) organ located in the abdomen (i.e., venter). It makes pancreatic juices, which check enzymes that aid in digestion, and it produces several hormones, including insulin. The pancreas is surrounded by the abdomen, intestines, and other organs. Malignant, cancerous. Malignant cells can invade and destroy nearby tissue and spread to other parts of the body. Also called exocrine (i.e., eccrine) cancer.

  1. One can believe that, in certain malignant neoplastic diseases, such as pancreatic cancer, symptoms oftentimes do not start until the disease has reached an advanced stage.[2] Stage is the extent of a cancer in the body. Staging is usually based on the size of the tumor (i.e., neoplasm),
    whether lymph nodes contain cancer, and whether the cancer has spread from the
    original site (i.e., situs) to other parts of the body.
  2. It’s apparent that, Pancreatic Cancer Slideshow Symptoms, Stages, Prognosis, Causes, and Treatments.[3]
  3. For example, pancreatic cancer is called a silent disease because symptoms typically perform not present in the ahead of time stages.[3]
  4. It would appear that, unfortunately, with pancreatic cancer, the malignant cells usually have spread past the pancreas at the point of diagnosis.[3] Diagnosis is the
    process (i.e., processus) of identifying a disease, such as cancer, from its
    signs and symptoms.

Moreover, we are able to make the following findings regarding Cancer Slide 2 Cancer-complex Disease :

  • Seemingly, because genes come in pairs (one inherited from each parent), an inherited flaw in one copy will not lead to malignant neoplastic disease because the other normal copy is still functional.[1] Inherited,
    transmitted through genes that have been passed from parents to their
    offspring (children).
  • One can view (i.e., projection), slide thirty four Bacteria and Stomach (i.e., gaster, or ventriculus) Cancer.[1]
  • It seems to be, slide two Unlike Kinds of Cancer can be found here.[1]
  • It has been discovered that, slide thirty two Examples of Human Cancer Viruses is here.[1]
  • It would appear apparant that, slide thirty six Genetic
    endowment Can Affect Many Types of Cancer is discussed here.[1]
  • It seems that, slide twelve Ahead of time Cancer May Not Have Any Symptoms can be located here.[1]
  • Seemingly, included in this category are viruses implicated in cervical (i.e., cervicalis) malignant neoplastic disease, liver (i.e., hepar) malignant neoplastic disease, and certain lymphomas, leukemias, and sarcomas.[1] Liver is a large organ located in the upper abdomen. The liver cleanses the blood and aids (i.e., acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) in digestion by secreting bile (i.e., gall). Cervical, relating to the neck (i.e., cervix (i.e., neck, or cervix of uterus), or collum), or to the neck of any organ or structure (i.e., structura). Cervical lymph nodes are located in the neck. Cervical cancer refers to cancer of the uterine cervix, which is the lower (i.e., inferior, or lower tubercle), narrow end (the neck ) of the uterus (i.e., metra, or womb).
  • Seemingly, contact your health concern provider if you develop symptoms of cancer.[2]
  • It’s possible to believe that, symptoms of cancer depend on the type and location of the cancer.[2]
  • Seemingly, cancerous cells are also called malignant cells.[2]
  • It is clear that, some cancers may not have any symptoms at all.[2]
  • Finally, it’s possible to assume that, the surgery would involve procedures to facilitate lessen some of the symptoms and prevent certain problems related to the size of the cancerous masses.[3] Mass is in medicine, a swelling in the organic structure. It may be caused by the abnormal growth of cells, a vesicle (i.e., vesicula), hormonal changes, or an immune response. A mass may be benign (not malignant neoplastic disease) or malignant (cancer). Surgery is a procedure to remove or repair a part of
    the body or to find out whether disease is present. An operation.

Terminology


Hormonal

Pertaining to hormones.


Neoplasm

An abnormal tissue that grows by cellular proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease. Neoplasms show partial or complete lack of structural organization and functional coordination with the normal tissue, and usually form a distinct mass of tissue that may be either benign (benign tumor) or malignant (cancer)


Lymph

A clear, transparent, sometimes faintly yellow and slightly opalescent fluid that is collected from the tissues throughout the body, flows in the lymphatic vessels (through the lymph nodes), and is eventually added to the venous blood circulation. Lymph consists of a clear liquid portion, varying numbers of white blood cells (chiefly lymphocytes), and a few red blood cells


Slide

A rectangular glass plate on which an object to be examined under the microscope is placed.


Myelomatosis

A disease characterized by the occurrence of myeloma in various sites.


Exocrine

  1. Denoting glandular secretion delivered onto the body
    surface.
  2. Denoting a gland that secretes outwardly through
    excretory ducts


Spinal

  1. Relating to any spine or spinous process.
  2. Relating to the vertebral column


Nervous system

the entire nerve apparatus, composed of a central part (the brain and spinal cord) and a peripheral part (the cranial and spinal nerves, autonomic ganglia, plexuses and peripheral nerves)


Adipose

Denoting fat.


Leukocytic

Pertaining to or characterized by leukocytes


Insulin

A polypeptide hormone, secreted by ???? cells in the islets of Langerhans, which promotes glucose use, protein synthesis, and the formation and storage of neutral lipids; available in various preparations including genetically engineered human insulin, which is currently favored. Insulin is used parenterally in the treatment of diabetes mellitus.


Gaster

Prominent part of wasp or ant abdomen, separated from the other body parts by a thin connecting segment


Immune system

an intricate complex of interrelated cellular, molecular, and genetic components that provides a defense, the immune response, against foreign organisms or substances and aberrant native cells.


Glandular

Relating to a gland


Tubercle

  1. A nodule, especially in an anatomic, not pathologic,
    sense.
  2. A circumscribed, rounded, solid elevation on the
    skin, mucous membrane, surface of an organ, or the surface of a bone, the
    latter giving attachment to a muscle or ligament.
  3. dentistry a small elevation arising on the surface of
    a tooth.
  4. A granulomatous lesion due to infection by
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Although somewhat variable in size (0.5??????3 mm
    in diameter) and in the proportions of various histologic components,
    tubercle’s tend to be fairly well circumscribed, spheroid, firm lesions that
    usually consist of three irregularly outlined but moderately distinct zones 1)
    an inner focus of necrosis, coagulative at first, which then becomes caseous;
    2) a middle zone that consists of a fairly dense accumulation of large
    mononuclear phagocytes (macrophages), frequently arranged somewhat radially
    (with reference to the necrotic material) resembling an epithelium, and hence
    termed epithelioid cells; multinucleated giant cells of Langhans type may also
    be present; and 3) an outer zone of numerous lymphocytes, and a few monocytes
    and plasma cells. In instances in which healing has begun, a fourth zone of
    fibrous tissue may form at the periphery. Morphologically indistinguishable
    lesions may occur in diseases caused by other agents; many observers use the
    term nonspecifically, with reference to any such granuloma; other clinicians
    use tubercle only for tuberculous lesions, and then designate those of
    undetermined causes as epithelioid-cell granulomas


Cervix of uterus

the lower part of the uterus extending from the isthmus of the uterus into the vagina. It is divided into supravaginal and vaginal parts by its passage through the vaginal wall


Brain

That part of the central nervous system contained within the cranium.


Uterus

The hollow muscular organ in which the ootid is developed into the embryo and fetus; it is about 7.5-cm long in a nonpregnant woman; consists of a main portion (body) with an elongated lower part (cervix), at the extremity of which is the opening (external os). The upper rounded portion of the uterus, opposite the os, is the fundus, at each extremity of which is the horn marking the part where the uterine tube joins the uterus and through which the morula reaches the uterine cavity after leaving the uterine tube. The organ is passively supported in the pelvic cavity by the vagina and paracolpium and by the anteflexion and anteversion of the normal uterus, which places its mass superior to the bladder; it is actively supported by the tonic and phasic contraction of the muscles of the pelvic floor


Bile

Yellowish-brown or green fluid secreted by the liver and discharged into the duodenum, where it aids in the emulsification of fats, increases peristalsis, and retards putrefaction; contains sodium glycocholate and sodium taurocholate, cholesterol, biliverdin, bilirubin, mucus, fat, lecithin, and cells and cellular debris


Medulla

Any soft marrowlike structure, especially in the center of a part


Cartilage

A connective tissue characterized by its nonvascularity and firm consistency; consists of cells (chondrocytes), an interstitial matrix of fibers (collagen), and ground substance (proteoglycans). There are three kinds of cartilage hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage, and fibrocartilage. Nonvascular, resilient, flexible connective tissue found primarily in joints, the walls of the thorax, and tubular structures (larynx, air passages, and ears); makes up most of the skeleton in early fetal life, but is slowly replaced by bone. For a gross anatomic description, see cartilago and its subentries


Immune response

  1. any response of the immune system to an antigen
    including antibody production and/or cell-mediated immunity;
  2. the response of the immune system to an antigen
    (immunogen) that leads to the condition of induced sensitivity; the immune
    response to the initial antigenic exposure (primary immune response) is
    detectable, as a rule, only after a lag period of from several days to 2
    weeks; the immune response to a subsequent stimulus (secondary immune
    response) by the same antigen is more rapid than in the case of the primary
    immune response.


Sequence

  1. The succession, or following, of one thing, process,
    or event after another; in dysmorphology, a pattern of multiple anomalies
    derived from a single known or presumed prior anomaly or mechanical factor.
  2. The imposition of a paricular order on a number of
    items


Syndrome

The aggregate of symptoms and signs associated with any morbid process, together constituting the picture of the disease.


Leukemia

Progressive proliferation of abnormal leukocytes found in hemopoietic tissues, other organs, and usually in the blood in increased numbers. Leukemia is classified by the dominant cell type, and by duration from onset to death. This occurs in acute leukemia within a few months in most cases, and is associated with acute symptoms including severe anemia, hemorrhages, and slight enlargement of lymph nodes or the spleen. The duration of chronic leukemia exceeds one year, with a gradual onset of symptoms of anemia or marked enlargement of spleen, liver, or lymph nodes


Bacteria

Plural of bacterium.


Neck

  1. Part of body by which the head is connected to the
    trunk, it extends from the base of the cranium to the top of the shoulders.
  2. In anatomy, any constricted portion having a fancied
    resemblance to the neck of an animal.
  3. The germinative portion of an adult tapeworm, that
    develops the segments or proglottids; the region of cestode segmentation
    behind the scolex


Cervix

Any necklike structure


Punctum

  1. The tip or end of a sharp process.
  2. A minute round spot differing in color or otherwise
    in appearance from the surrounding tissues.
  3. A point on the optic axis of an optic system


Myeloma

  1. A tumor composed of cells derived from hemopoietic
    tissues of the bone marrow.
  2. A plasma cell tumor.


Neoplastic

Pertaining to or characterized by neoplasia, or containing a neoplasm.


Venter

  1. One of the great cavities of the body.
  2. The uterus


Abdomen

The part of the trunk that lies between the thorax and the pelvis. The abdomen does not include the vertebral region posteriorly but is considered by some anatomists to include the pelvis (abdominopelvic cavity). It includes the greater part of the abdominal cavity (cavitas abdominis [TA]) and is divided by arbitrary planes into nine regions


Bone marrow

the soft, pulpy tissue filling the medullary cavities of bones, having a stroma of reticular fibers and cells; it differs in consistency by age and location


Malignancy

The property or condition of being malignant.


Immunodeficiency

A condition resulting from a defective immune mechanism; may be primary (due to a defect in the immune mechanism itself) or secondary (dependent on another disease process), specific (due to a defect in either the B-lymphocyte or the T-lymphocyte system, or both) or nonspecific (due to a defect in one or another component of the nonspecific immune mechanism the complement, properdin, or phagocytic system)


Gall

An excoriation or erosion


Lymphoma

Any neoplasm of lymphoid or reticuloendothelial tissues; in general use, synonymous with malignant lymphoma; present as apparently solid tumors composed of cells that appear primitive or resemble lymphocytes, plasma cells, or histiocytes. Lymphomas appear most frequently in the lymph nodes, spleen, or other normal sites of lymphoreticular cells; may invade other organs or manifest as leukemia. Lymphomas are now classified by histology, immunophenotype, and cytogenetic analysis, according to cell of orgin (B or T cells) and degree of maturation. The current World Health Organization (WHO) classification of lymphoid neoplasms is based on the Revised European-American Lymphoma (REAL) classification and effectively replaces older schemes such as the Working Formulation and Rappaport classification, which were based solely on morphology.


Ventriculus

The enlarged posterior portion of the mesenteron of the insect alimentary canal, in which digestion occurs


Cancerous

Relating to or pertaining to a malignant neoplasm, or being afflicted with such a process.


Liver

The largest gland of the body, lying beneath the diaphragm in the right hypochondrium and upper part of the epigastric region; it is of irregular shape and weighs from 1??????2 kg, or about one fortieth the weight of the body. As an exocrine gland, it secretes bile; it initially receives most absorbed nutrients through the portal vein; it detoxifies drugs and many exogeneous substances and is also of great importance in fat, carbohydrate, and protein metabolism; also stores glycogen


Medicine

  1. A drug.
  2. The art of preventing or curing disease; the science
    concerned with disease in all its relations.
  3. The study and treatment of general diseases or those
    affecting the internal parts of the body, especially those not usually
    requiring surgical intervention.


Malignant

  1. occurring in severe form, and frequently fatal;
    tending to become worse and leading to an ingravescent course.
  2. In reference to a neoplasm, having the property of
    locally invasive and destructive growth and metastasis.


Benign

Denoting the mild character of an illness or the nonmalignant character of a neoplasm.


Cervical

Relating to a neck, or cervix, in any sense


Genetic

Pertaining to genetics; genetical.


Uterine

Relating to the uterus.


Chondrus

The plant Chondrus crispus, Fucus crispus, or Gigartina mamillosa (family Gigartinaceae); a demulcent in chronic and intestinal disorders


Pancreas

An elongated lobulated retroperitoneal gland, devoid of a distinct capsule, extending from the concavity of the duodenum to the spleen; it consists of a flattened head within the duodenal concavity, a neck connecting the head and body, an elongated three-sided body extending transversely across the abdomen, and a tail in contact with the spleen. The gland secretes from its exocrine part pancreatic juice that is discharged into the intestine, and from its endocrine part the internal secretions insulin and glucagon.


Tumor

  1. Any swelling or tumefaction.
  2. One of the four signs of inflammation (t., calor,
    dolor, rubor) enunciated by Celsus


Staging

  1. The determination or classification of distinct
    phases or periods in the course of a disease or pathologic process.
  2. The determination of the specific extent of a disease
    process in an individual patient.


Nervous

  1. Relating to a nerve or the nerves.
  2. Easily excited or agitated; suffering from mental or
    emotional instability; tense or anxious.
  3. Formerly, denoting a temperament characterized by
    excessive mental and physical alertness, rapid pulse, excitability, often
    volubility, but not always fixity of purpose.


Vesicle

  1. A small bladder or bladderlike structure.
  2. A small ( less than 1.0 cm in diameter),
    circumscribed elevation of the skin containing fluid.
  3. A small sac containing liquid or gas.
  4. A closed structure surrounded by a single
    membrane.
  5. In fungi, the swollen apex of the conidiophore in
    Aspergillus and some Penicillium species, or the swollen apex of the
    sporangiophore in some zygomycetous species


Eccrine

Denoting the flow of sweat from skin glands unconnected to hair follicles


Complex

  1. An organized constellation of feelings, thoughts,
    perceptions, and memories that may be in part unconscious and may strongly
    influence associations and attitudes.
  2. In jungian psychology, a personification of an
    archetype from the collective unconscious, residing in the personal
    unconscious.
  3. chemistry the relatively stable combination of two or
    more compounds into a larger molecule without covalent binding.
  4. A composite of chemical or immunologic structures.
  5. A structural anatomic entity made up of three or more
    interrelated parts.
  6. In electroencephalography, a recognizable series of
    waveforms that typically recur at intervals.
  7. An informal term used to denote a group of individual
    structures known or believed to be related anatomically, embryologically, or
    physiologically


Sarcoma

A connective tissue neoplasm, usually highly malignant, formed by proliferation of mesodermal cells.

Related Material

  1. Understanding Cancer Series: Cancer – National Cancer Institute
  2. Cancer – PubMed Health
  3. Pancreatic Cancer Slideshow: Symptoms, Stages, Prognosis, Causes, and Treatments

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