Cancer Glands Major Contributors Oral Tissues

Cancer Glands Major Contributors Oral Tissues

Cancer Glands Major Contributors Oral Tissues

The significance of salivari for glands, and minor glands can’t be more than explained. There shouldn’t be doubt regarding the relevancy associated with gland in salivary (i.e., sialic, or sialine (i.e., linea)), and minor salivary.

Regarding salivary glands we could identify the following common details, observations, and also entries:

  1. It might seem apparant that, treatment (Tx) focus should be along optimized/new approaches to further reduce the dose to the parotids, and particularly submandibular (i.e., inframandibular, or submaxillary) and nestling salivary glands, as these glands are major contributors to moistening of oral tissues.[2] Oral, by or having to do with the mouth (i.e., oral cavity (i.e., cavitas, or cavernous space), or ostium).
  2. One can identify, in summary, salivary gland hypofunction produces the following changes in the mouth that collectively cause patient discomfort and increased risk of infection of oral lesions Increase in salivary viscosity, with resultant impaired lubrication of oral tissues.[3]
  3. One can notice, there are many nodes located in the head (i.e., caput) and cervix (i.e., neck, or cervix of uterus) area, and careful rating of lymph (i.e., lympha) nodes is an important part of staging cancer of the major salivary glands (i.e., glandulae salivariae majores).[4] Cancer is a term for diseases in which abnormal (i.e., deviant) cells divide without control and can invade nearby tissues. Cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body (i.e., corpus) through the blood (i.e., haema) and lymph systems. There are several main (i.e., hand) types of cancer. Carcinoma is a cancer that begins in the skin (i.e., cutis) or in tissues that line or cover internal (i.e., internus) organs. Sarcoma is a cancer that begins in bone (i.e., os), cartilage (i.e., cartilago, or chondrus), fat (i.e., adipose tissue), muscle (i.e., musculus, or see musculus), blood vessels, or other connective or supportive tissue. Leukemia (i.e., leukocytic sarcoma) is a cancer that starts in blood-forming tissue such as the bone marrow (i.e., medulla ossium), and causes large numbers of abnormal blood cells to be produced and enter the blood. Lymphoma and multiple myeloma (i.e., multiple myelomatosis, or myelomatosis multiplex) are cancers that begin in the cells of the immune system. Central nervous system (i.e., systema nervosum) cancers are cancers that begin in the tissues of the brain and spinal (i.e., rachial, or rachidial) cord (i.e., fasciculus, or funiculus). Also called malignancy. Lymph is the clear fluid that travels through the lymphatic (i.e., vas lymphaticum) system and carries cells that help fight infections and other diseases. Also called lymphatic fluid. Staging, performing exams
    and tests to learn the extent of the cancer within the body, especially
    whether the disease has spread from the original site (i.e., situs) to other
    parts of the body. It is important to know the stage of the disease in order
    to plan the best treatment.

  4. It’s been found that, a neoplasm (i.e., new growth, or tumor) (benign or cancerous) can start in any of the major or minor salivary glands (i.e., glandulae salivariae minores).[4] Benign, not cancerous. Benign tumors may grow larger
    but do not spread to other parts of the body. Also called nonmalignant.

  5. It looks that, head and neck (i.e., cervix, or collum) malignant neoplastic disease is cancer of the oral bodily cavity, salivary glands, paranasal sinuses (i.e., sinus paranasales) and nasal cavity (i.e., cavitas nasi, or cavum nasi), pharynx, larynx, or lymph nodes in the upper part of the neck.[5] Larynx is the area of the throat (i.e., gullet) containing the vocal cords and used for breathing (i.e., pneusis), swallowing, and talking. Also called voice (i.e., vox) box. Pharynx is the hollow tube (i.e., tuba) inside the neck that starts behind the nose (i.e., nasus) and ends at the top of the trachea (i.e., windpipe) (windpipe (i.e., trachea)) and esophagus (the tube that goes to the stomach (i.e., gaster, or ventriculus)). The pharynx is about 5 inches long, depending on body size. Also called throat. Cavity is a hollow area or hollow. It may depict a body cavity (i.e., celom, or celoma) (such as the space (i.e., spatium) within the abdomen (i.e., venter)) or a hole in a tooth (i.e., dens) caused by disintegration.
  6. It’s apparent that, several other cancer types can develop in the salivary glands.[7]
  7. One can determine that, seldom, these cancers set out in immune system cells within the salivary glands.[7] Immune system is the complex (i.e., sequence) group of organs
    and cells that defends the body against infections and other diseases.

  8. One can determine, a serious side effect (i.e., adverse effect) of high-activity radioiodine therapy (i.e., therapeusis, or therapia) in the handling of differentiated thyroid cancer is radiogenic salivary secretory organ damage.[8] Therapy, treatment. Side effect is a problem that occurs when treatment affects healthy tissues or organs. Some common side effects of cancer treatment are fatigue, pain, nausea (i.e., sicchasia), vomiting (i.e., emesis, or vomition), decreased blood cell counts, hair (i.e., pilus) loss, and mouth sores. Thyroid cancer, cancer that forms in the thyroid gland (i.e., glandula thyroidea, or thyroid body) (an organ at the base (i.e., basis, or basement) of the throat that makes hormones that help control heart (i.e., cor, or coeur) rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and weight). Four main types of thyroid cancer are papillary, follicular, medullary (i.e., medullar), and anaplastic thyroid cancer. The four types are based on how the cancer cells look under a microscope. Thyroid is a gland located beneath the larynx (voice box) that makes thyroid hormone and calcitonin (i.e., thyrocalcitonin). The thyroid helps regulate growth and metabolism. Also called thyroid gland.
  9. It’s been discovered that, squamous (i.e., scaly) cell cancers are uncommon in salivary gland tissue.[9] Squamous cell, flat cell that looks like a pisces the fishes scale (i.e., squama) under a microscope. These cells hatch inside and outside surfaces of the body. They are found in the tissues that form the open of the skin, the lining of the hollow organs of the organic structure (i.e., structura) (such as the bladder, kidney (i.e., ren, or nephros), and uterus (i.e., metra, or womb)), and the passages of the respiratory and digestive (i.e., digestant) tracts.

Cancer Glands Major Contributors Oral Tissues related findings contain, but aren’t limited by:

  • It would appear that, faulty dietary habits, environmental pollution, yeast/candida/parasite infestations, misuse/over-use of medications, inadequate sleep, relaxation and exercise, vitamin/mineral/nutrient deficiencies, and unbalanced mental/emotional states are (86%) MAJOR CONTRIBUTORS TO HEALTH PROBLEMS.[1] Vitamin is a nutrient that the body needs in small amounts to function and stay healthy. Sources of vitamins are plant and animal food products and dietetical supplements. Some vitamins are made in the human body from nutrient products. Vitamins are either fat-soluble (can disband in fats and oils) or water (i.e., aromatic water)-soluble (can dissolve in water). Excess avoirdupois-soluble vitamins are stored in the body’s fat person tissue, but excess water-soluble vitamins are removed in the urine. Examples are vitamin a (i.e., axerophthol), vitamin C (i.e., ascorbic acid), and vitamin e (i.e., ????-tocopherol, or antisterility factor). Parasite is an animal or plant that gets nutrients by living on or in an organism of another species. A complete parasite gets all of its nutrients from the host organism, but a semifinal-parasite gets only some of its nutrients from the host. Mineral is in medicine, a mineral is a nutrient that is needed in little amounts to keep the organic structure healthy. Mineral nutrients include the elements calcium, magnesium, and press. Nutrient is a chemic compound (such as protein, fatty tissue (i.e., adipose tissue), carbohydrate, vitamin, or
    mineral) contained in foods. These compounds are used by the body to function
    and develop.

  • For instance, most cancerous tumors of this type begin in the parotid gland (i.e., glandula parotidea, or external salivary gland) or in the submandibular glands.[4]
  • It’s possible to conclude that, there is a risk that malignant neoplastic disease cells can spread to nearby lymph glands, the most.[6]
  • You can notice, adenoid (i.e., adeniform) cystic carcinoma is the most common type of malignant neoplastic disease in the nestling salivary glands.[7] Carcinoma, cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover internal organs. Adenoid cystic carcinoma is a rare type of malignant
    neoplastic disease that usually begins in the salivary glands.

  • Finally, apparently, also have a look at wheaters, Chapter 13, pgs 251-262, Oral tissues.[10]

It can be explained that for Cancer Glands Major Contributors Oral Tissues, salivari glands will be worth focusing on.



An abnormal tissue that grows by cellular proliferation more rapidly than normal and continues to grow after the stimuli that initiated the new growth cease. Neoplasms show partial or complete lack of structural organization and functional coordination with the normal tissue, and usually form a distinct mass of tissue that may be either benign (benign tumor) or malignant (cancer)


  1. The sum of the chemical and physical changes
    occurring in tissue, consisting of anabolism (those reactions that convert
    small molecules into large), and catabolism (those reactions that convert
    large molecules into small), including both endogenous large molecules as well
    as biodegradation of xenobiotics.

  2. Often incorrectly used as a synonym for either
    anabolism or catabolism.


To change or cause to change from a solid to a dispersed form by immersion in a fluid of suitable properties.


A clear, transparent, sometimes faintly yellow and slightly opalescent fluid that is collected from the tissues throughout the body, flows in the lymphatic vessels (through the lymph nodes), and is eventually added to the venous blood circulation. Lymph consists of a clear liquid portion, varying numbers of white blood cells (chiefly lymphocytes), and a few red blood cells


Relating to, resembling, or provided with papillae.


  1. That state, following a period of mental or bodily
    activity, characterized by a lessened capacity or motivation for work and
    reduced efficiency of accomplishment, usually accompanied by a feeling of
    weariness, sleepiness, irritability, or loss of ambition; may also supervene
    when, from any cause, energy expenditure outstrips restorative processes and
    may be confined to a single organ.

  2. Sensation of boredom and lassitude due to absence of
    stimulation, monotony, or lack of interest in one’s surroundings.


Abbreviation for individual thromboxanes, designated by capital letters with subscripts indicating structural features.


  1. Glandlike; of glandular appearance.
  2. Epithelial and lymphatic unencapsulated structure
    located on the posterior wall of the nasopharynx. It undergoes absolute and
    relative enlargement during childhood and regresses during puberty.
    Inflammatory and physiologic enlargement is associated with otitis media,
    nasal obstruction, sinusitis, and obstructive sleep apnea


  1. A distensible musculomembranous organ serving as a
    receptacle for fluid, such as the urinary bladder or gallbladder.

  2. See detrusor


A radioactive isotope of iodine, 123I.


A system of weights in which 16 ounces make 1 pound, equivalent to 453.59237 g. See Weights and Measures Appendix.


A disease characterized by the occurrence of myeloma in various sites.


Rendering unclean or unsuitable by contact or mixture with an undesired contaminant.


  1. Relating to any spine or spinous process.
  2. Relating to the vertebral column


A peptide hormone, of which eight forms in five species are known; composed of 32 amino acids and produced by the parathyroid, thyroid, and thymus glands; its action is opposite to that of parathyroid hormone in that calcitonin increases deposition of calcium and phosphate in bone and lowers the level of calcium in the blood; its level in the blood is increased by glucagon and by Ca2+ and thus opposes postprandial hypercalcemia

Nervous system

the entire nerve apparatus, composed of a central part (the brain and spinal cord) and a peripheral part (the cranial and spinal nerves, autonomic ganglia, plexuses and peripheral nerves)


Denoting fat.


Pertaining to or characterized by leukocytes


Prominent part of wasp or ant abdomen, separated from the other body parts by a thin connecting segment


A strong toothlike process projecting upward from the body of the axis (second cervical vertebra), or epistropheus, around which the atlas rotates

Immune system

an intricate complex of interrelated cellular, molecular, and genetic components that provides a defense, the immune response, against foreign organisms or substances and aberrant native cells.


  1. A living, sentient organism that has membranous cell
    walls, requires oxygen and organic foods, and is capable of voluntary
    movement, as distinguished from a plant or mineral.

  2. One of the lower animal organisms as distinguished
    from humans.


The organ of voice production; the part of the respiratory tract between the pharynx and the trachea; it consists of a framework of cartilages and elastic membranes housing the vocal folds and the muscles that control the position and tension of these elements.

Body cavity

the collective visceral cavity of the trunk (thoracic cavity plus abdominopelvic cavity), bounded by the superior thoracic aperture above, the pelvic floor below, and the body walls (parietes) in between


  1. The 13th letter of the Greek alphabet, nu.
  2. Symbol for kinematic viscosity; frequency;
    stoichiometric number.

  3. In chemistry, denotes the position of a substituent
    located on the thirteenth atom from the carboxyl or other functional group.


Near or adjacent to the nose.

Cervix of uterus

the lower part of the uterus extending from the isthmus of the uterus into the vagina. It is divided into supravaginal and vaginal parts by its passage through the vaginal wall


  1. The fauces and pharynx.
  2. The anterior aspect of the neck.
  3. Any narrowed entrance into a hollow part


Relating to digestion


A small opening, especially one of entrance into a hollow organ or canal.


That part of the central nervous system contained within the cranium.

Ascorbic acid

A vitamin used in preventing scurvy, as a strong reducing agent, and as an antioxidant


  1. Pertaining to lymph.
  2. A vascular channel that transports lymph.
  3. Sometimes used to pertain to a sluggish or phlegmatic

Nasal cavity

the cavity on either side of the nasal septum, lined with ciliated respiratory mucosa, extending from the naris anteriorly to the choana posteriorly, and communicating with the paranasal sinuses through their orifices in the lateral wall, from which also project the three conchae; the cribriform plate, through which the olfactory nerves are transmitted, forms the roof; the floor is formed by the hard palate


An inclination to vomit


The hollow muscular organ in which the ootid is developed into the embryo and fetus; it is about 7.5-cm long in a nonpregnant woman; consists of a main portion (body) with an elongated lower part (cervix), at the extremity of which is the opening (external os). The upper rounded portion of the uterus, opposite the os, is the fundus, at each extremity of which is the horn marking the part where the uterine tube joins the uterus and through which the morula reaches the uterine cavity after leaving the uterine tube. The organ is passively supported in the pelvic cavity by the vagina and paracolpium and by the anteflexion and anteversion of the normal uterus, which places its mass superior to the bladder; it is actively supported by the tonic and phasic contraction of the muscles of the pelvic floor


  1. A hollow space; hole.
  2. Lay term for the loss of tooth structure from dental


  1. Aiding digestion.
  2. An agent that favors or assists the process of

Cystic carcinoma

a carcinoma in which true epithelium-lined cysts are formed, or degenerative changes may result in cystlike spaces.


Any soft marrowlike structure, especially in the center of a part


A connective tissue characterized by its nonvascularity and firm consistency; consists of cells (chondrocytes), an interstitial matrix of fibers (collagen), and ground substance (proteoglycans). There are three kinds of cartilage hyaline cartilage, elastic cartilage, and fibrocartilage. Nonvascular, resilient, flexible connective tissue found primarily in joints, the walls of the thorax, and tubular structures (larynx, air passages, and ears); makes up most of the skeleton in early fetal life, but is slowly replaced by bone. For a gross anatomic description, see cartilago and its subentries


  1. The succession, or following, of one thing, process,
    or event after another; in dysmorphology, a pattern of multiple anomalies
    derived from a single known or presumed prior anomaly or mechanical factor.

  2. The imposition of a paricular order on a number of


Invasion of the body with organisms that have the potential to cause disease.


A fine filamentous appendage, somewhat analogous in function to the flagellum, which occurs on some bacteria. Although they can be chemically similar to flagella, pili consist only of protein and are shorter, straighter, and more numerous. Specialized pili (F pili, I pili, and other conjugative pili) seem to mediate bacterial conjugation and bacterial attachment to host cells during the infective process


Progressive proliferation of abnormal leukocytes found in hemopoietic tissues, other organs, and usually in the blood in increased numbers. Leukemia is classified by the dominant cell type, and by duration from onset to death. This occurs in acute leukemia within a few months in most cases, and is associated with acute symptoms including severe anemia, hemorrhages, and slight enlargement of lymph nodes or the spleen. The duration of chronic leukemia exceeds one year, with a gradual onset of symptoms of anemia or marked enlargement of spleen, liver, or lymph nodes


  1. Relating to anaplasty.
  2. Characterized by or pertaining to anaplasia.
  3. Growing without form or structure.


The air tube extending from the larynx into the thorax to the level of the fifth or sixth thoracic vertebra where it bifurcates into the right and left bronchi. The trachea is composed of 16??????20 incomplete rings of hyaline cartilage connected by a membrane (anular ligament); posteriorly, the rings are deficient for one fifth to one third of their circumference, the interval forming the membranous wall being closed by a fibrous membrane containing smooth muscular fibers. Internally, the mucosa is composed of a pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium with mucous goblet cells; numerous small mixed mucous and serous glands occur, the ducts of which open to the surface of the epithelium


  1. Part of body by which the head is connected to the
    trunk, it extends from the base of the cranium to the top of the shoulders.

  2. In anatomy, any constricted portion having a fancied
    resemblance to the neck of an animal.

  3. The germinative portion of an adult tapeworm, that
    develops the segments or proglottids; the region of cestode segmentation
    behind the scolex


  1. Beneath the mandible or lower jaw.
  2. Denoting certain ducts, fossae, ganglia, glands,
    lymph nodes, or a triangle of the neck, below the mandible


Any necklike structure


  1. A tumor composed of cells derived from hemopoietic
    tissues of the bone marrow.

  2. A plasma cell tumor.


Relating to the diet.


That which is more than the usual or specified amount.


Pertaining to or characterized by neoplasia, or containing a neoplasm.


Loathing for food


Relating to the mouth.


Relating to saliva

Major salivary glands

a category of salivary glands’s that secrete intermittently; includes the three largest glands of the oral cavity, which also secrete most of the saliva the parotid, submandibular, and sublingual glands


  1. Resembling a shield; denoting a gland (thyroid gland)
    and a cartilage of the larynx (thyroid cartilage) having such a shape.

  2. The cleaned, dried, and powdered thyroid gland
    obtained from one of the domesticated animals used for food and containing
    0.17??????0.23% of iodine; formerly widely used in the treatment of
    hypothyroidism, cretinism, and myxedema, in some cases of obesity, and in skin


  1. Producing rays of any sort, especially
    electromagnetic rays.

  2. Caused by x- or gamma rays.


  1. One of the great cavities of the body.
  2. The uterus


Combining form, used in the suffix position, for vomiting


The part of the trunk that lies between the thorax and the pelvis. The abdomen does not include the vertebral region posteriorly but is considered by some anatomists to include the pelvis (abdominopelvic cavity). It includes the greater part of the abdominal cavity (cavitas abdominis [TA]) and is divided by arbitrary planes into nine regions

Bone marrow

the soft, pulpy tissue filling the medullary cavities of bones, having a stroma of reticular fibers and cells; it differs in consistency by age and location


The property or condition of being malignant.


Relating to secretion or the secretions.


Any neoplasm of lymphoid or reticuloendothelial tissues; in general use, synonymous with malignant lymphoma; present as apparently solid tumors composed of cells that appear primitive or resemble lymphocytes, plasma cells, or histiocytes. Lymphomas appear most frequently in the lymph nodes, spleen, or other normal sites of lymphoreticular cells; may invade other organs or manifest as leukemia. Lymphomas are now classified by histology, immunophenotype, and cytogenetic analysis, according to cell of orgin (B or T cells) and degree of maturation. The current World Health Organization (WHO) classification of lymphoid neoplasms is based on the Revised European-American Lymphoma (REAL) classification and effectively replaces older schemes such as the Working Formulation and Rappaport classification, which were based solely on morphology.


The enlarged posterior portion of the mesenteron of the insect alimentary canal, in which digestion occurs

Adverse effect

a result of drug or other therapy in addition to or in extension of the desired therapeutic effect; usually but not necessarily, connoting an undesirable effect. Although technically the therapeutic effect carried beyond the desired limit (a hemorrhage from an anticoagulant) is a side effect, the term more often refers to pharmacologic results of therapy unrelated to the usual objective (a development of signs of Cushing syndrome with steroid therapy)


In general, the resistance to flow or alteration of shape by any substance as a result of molecular cohesion; most frequently applied to liquids as the resistance of a fluid to flow because of a shearing force.


A superclass of vertebrates, generally known as fish; the term is sometimes confined to the bony fishes.


  1. A biologic division between the genus and a variety
    or the individual; a group of organisms that generally bear a close
    resemblance to one another in the more essential features of their
    organization, and breed effectively producing fertile progeny.

  2. A class of pharmaceutical preparations consisting of
    a mixture of dried plants, not pulverized, but in sufficiently fine division
    to be conveniently used in the making of extemporaneous decoctions or
    infusions, as a tea.


Relating to or pertaining to a malignant neoplasm, or being afflicted with such a process.


A genus of yeastlike fungi, formerly called Monilia, commonly found in nature; a few species are isolated from the skin, feces, and vaginal and pharyngeal tissue, but the gastrointestinal tract is the source of the single most important species, Candida albicans. Formerly called Monilia.


One of a group of organic substances, present in minute amounts in natural foodstuffs, that are essential to normal metabolism; insufficient amounts in the diet may cause deficiency diseases.


Reduced, low, or inadequate function.

Parotid gland

the largest of the salivary glands, one of the bilateral compound acinous glands situated in the parotid bed, inferior and anterior to the ear, on either side, extending from the angle of the jaw inferiorly, to the zygomatic arch superiorly, posteriorly to the sternocleidomastoid muscle, and medially into the infratemporal fossa, deep to the ramus of the mandible; it is subdivided into a superficial part (pars superficialis) and a deep part (pars profunda) by emerging branches of the facial nerve, and discharges in seromucous saliva through the parotid duct


The fluid and dissolved substances excreted by the kidney.

Minor salivary glands

the smaller, largely mucus-secreting exocrine glands of the oral cavity, consisting of the labial, buccal, molar, lingual, and palatine glands; unlike the major salivary glands, the minor salivary glands, secrete continuously

Cavernous space

an anatomic cavity with many interconnecting chambers

Thyroid gland

an endocrine (ductless) gland consisting of irregularly spheroid follicles, lying in front and to the sides of the upper part of the trachea and lower part of the larynx and of horseshoe shape, with two lateral lobes connected by a narrow central portion, the isthmus; and occasionally an elongated offshoot, the pyramidal lobe, which passes upward from the isthmus in front of the larynx. It is supplied by branches from the external carotid and subclavian arteries, and its nerves are derived from the middle cervical and cervicothoracic ganglia of the sympathetic system. It secretes thyroid hormone and calcitonin


Relating to the medulla or marrow


  1. A drug.
  2. The art of preventing or curing disease; the science
    concerned with disease in all its relations.

  3. The study and treatment of general diseases or those
    affecting the internal parts of the body, especially those not usually
    requiring surgical intervention.


  1. The quantity of a drug or other remedy to be taken or
    applied all at one time or in fractional amounts within a given period.

  2. nuclear medicine amount of energy absorbed per unit
    mass of irradiated material (absorbed dose).


Denoting the mild character of an illness or the nonmalignant character of a neoplasm.


The cavity between the splanchnic and somatic mesoderm in the embryo


The superior expanded portion of the alimentary tract, between the mouth and nasal cavities (superiorly and anteriorly) and the esophagus (inferiorly); consisting of nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx, the first two being shared with the respiratory tract; the pharnyx is distinct from the rest of the alimentary tract in being composed exclusively of voluntary skeletal muscle arranged in outer circular and inner longitudinal layers.


Any living individual, whether plant or animal, considered as a whole.


  1. The upper or anterior extremity of the animal body,
    containing the brain and the organs of sight, hearing, taste, and smell.

  2. The upper, anterior, or larger extremity, expanded or
    rounded, of any body, organ, or other anatomic structure.

  3. The rounded extremity of a bone.
  4. That end of a muscle that is attached to the less
    movable part of the skeleton


The plant Chondrus crispus, Fucus crispus, or Gigartina mamillosa (family Gigartinaceae); a demulcent in chronic and intestinal disorders


  1. A thin plate of bone.
  2. An epidermal scale


  1. Any swelling or tumefaction.
  2. One of the four signs of inflammation (t., calor,
    dolor, rubor) enunciated by Celsus


  1. An organism that lives on or in another and draws its
    nourishment therefrom.

  2. In the case of a fetal inclusion or conjoined twins,
    the usually incomplete twin that derives its support from the more nearly
    normal autosite.


Relating to a follicle or follicles.


  1. The point at which the light rays meet after passing
    through a convex lens.

  2. The center, or the starting point, of a disease

Adipose tissue

a form of connective tissue consisting chiefly of fat cells surrounded by reticular fibers and arranged in lobular groups or along the course of one of the smaller blood vessels


Relating to a cavern or a cavity; containing many cavities.


The portion of the alimentary canal between the pharynx and stomach. It is about 25-cm long and consists of three parts the cervical part, from the cricoid cartilage to the thoracic inlet; the thoracic part, from the thoracic inlet to the diaphragm; and the abdominal part, below the diaphragm to the cardiac opening of the stomach.


Relating to respiration.


Relating to or covered with scales


  1. The determination or classification of distinct
    phases or periods in the course of a disease or pathologic process.

  2. The determination of the specific extent of a disease
    process in an individual patient.


  1. Relating to a nerve or the nerves.
  2. Easily excited or agitated; suffering from mental or
    emotional instability; tense or anxious.

  3. Formerly, denoting a temperament characterized by
    excessive mental and physical alertness, rapid pulse, excitability, often
    volubility, but not always fixity of purpose.

Vitamin a

  1. any ????-ionone derivative, except provitamin A
    carotenoids, possessing qualitatively the biologic activity of retinol;
    deficiency interferes with the production and resynthesis of rhodopsin,
    thereby causing night blindness, and produces a keratinizing metaplasia of
    epithelial cells that may result in xerophthalmia, keratosis, susceptibility
    to infections, and retarded growth;

  2. the original vitamin A, now known as retinol

Vitamin e

generic descriptor of tocol and tocotrienol derivatives possessing the biologic activity of ????-tocopherol; contained in various oils (wheat germ, cotton seed, palm, rice) and whole grain cereals where it constitutes the nonsaponifiable fraction; also contained in animal tissue (liver, pancreas, heart) and lettuce; deficiency produces resorption or abortion in female rats and sterility in males


  1. Relating to the urinary bladder or gallbladder.
  2. Relating to a cyst.
  3. Containing cysts.


A duct or canal conveying any liquid, such as blood, lymph, chyle, or semen.

Fatty tissue

in some animals, brown fat


Capable of being dissolved.


  1. Loss or separation of the component parts of a
    substance, as in catabolism or decay.

  2. Disorganization of psychic and behavioral


  1. An organized constellation of feelings, thoughts,
    perceptions, and memories that may be in part unconscious and may strongly
    influence associations and attitudes.

  2. In jungian psychology, a personification of an
    archetype from the collective unconscious, residing in the personal

  3. chemistry the relatively stable combination of two or
    more compounds into a larger molecule without covalent binding.

  4. A composite of chemical or immunologic structures.
  5. A structural anatomic entity made up of three or more
    interrelated parts.

  6. In electroencephalography, a recognizable series of
    waveforms that typically recur at intervals.

  7. An informal term used to denote a group of individual
    structures known or believed to be related anatomically, embryologically, or


One of the paired organs that excrete urine, remove nitrogenous wastes of metabolism, reclaim important electrolytes and water, contribute to blood pressure control(renin-angiotensin system) and erythropoiesis (via erythropoietin production). The kidneys are bean-shaped organs about 11-cm long, 5-cm wide, and 3-cm thick, lying on either side of the vertebral column, posterior to the peritoneum, opposite the 12th thoracic and 1st??????3rd lumbar vertebrae. In animals, the kidney has variable size and location


The ejection of matter from the stomach in retrograde fashion through the esophagus and mouth


A hollow muscular organ that receives the blood from the veins and propels it into the arteries. In mammals it is divided by a musculomembranous septum into two halves??????right or venous and left or arterial??????each of which consists of a receiving chamber (atrium) and an ejecting chamber (ventricle)


A connective tissue neoplasm, usually highly malignant, formed by proliferation of mesodermal cells.

Related Material

  1. Atlanta Clinic of Preventive Medicine

  2. A systematic review of salivary gland hy… [Support Care Cancer. 2010] – PubMed – NCBI

  3. Oral Complications of Chemotherapy and Head/Neck Radiation (PDQ – National Cancer Institute

  4. Salivary Gland Cancer | Cancer.Net

  5. Salivary Gland Cancer Symptoms, Diagnosis, Prognosis, Survival, Treatment – MedicineNet

  6. Breast cancer

  7. What is salivary gland cancer?

  8. Salivary gland toxicity after radioiodine therapy for thyroid cancer.

  9. Salivary Gland Cancer – Head and Neck Cancer –

  10. Medical Histology and Virtual Microscopy: University of Michigan

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